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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(4): 048102    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/4/048102

Graphene/polyaniline composite sponge of three-dimensional porous network structure as supercapacitor electrode

Jiu-Xing Jiang(姜久兴), Xu-Zhi Zhang(张旭志), Zhen-Hua Wang(王振华), Jian-Jun Xu(许健君)
School of Applied Science, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150080, China
Abstract  As a supercapacitor electrode, the graphene/polyaniline (PANI) composite sponge with a three-dimensional (3D) porous network structure is synthesized by a simple three-step method. The three steps include an in situ polymerization, freeze-drying and reduction by hydrazine vapor. The prepared sponge has a large specific surface area and porous network structure, so it is in favor of spreading the electrolyte ion and increasing the charge transfer efficiency of the system. The process of preparation is simple, easy to operate and low cost. The composite sponge shows better electrochemical performance than the pure individual graphene sponge while PANI cannot keep the shape of a sponge. Such a composite sponge exhibits specific capacitances of 487 F·g-1 at 2 mV/s compared to pristine PANI of 397 F·g-1.
Keywords:  graphene      composite sponge      supercapacitor electrode  
Received:  28 September 2015      Revised:  02 December 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  81.05.ue (Graphene)  
  72.80.Tm (Composite materials)  
  82.45.Fk (Electrodes)  
Fund: Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation from Harbin University of Science and Technology and Harbin Institute of Technology.
Corresponding Authors:  Zhen-Hua Wang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Jiu-Xing Jiang(姜久兴), Xu-Zhi Zhang(张旭志), Zhen-Hua Wang(王振华), Jian-Jun Xu(许健君) Graphene/polyaniline composite sponge of three-dimensional porous network structure as supercapacitor electrode 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 048102

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