Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(2): 023301    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac6db0

Generation of a blue-detuned optical storage ring by a metasurface and its application in optical trapping of cold molecules

Chen Ling(凌晨)1, Yaling Yin(尹亚玲)1, Yang Liu(刘泱)2,†, Lin Li(李林)1, and Yong Xia(夏勇)1,3,‡
1 State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, School of Physics and Electronic Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, China;
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
Abstract  A scheme for storage of cold molecules in a hollow optical ring generated by a metasurface grating is proposed. The characteristics and intensity distribution related to the ring's structural parameters and fabrication error tolerance are theoretically studied. The optical potential and dipole force required for the ring to trap magnesium monofluoride (MgF) molecules are also calculated. The dynamic behavior of MgF molecules in the storage ring is simulated by a Monte Carlo method, which shows that a metasurface-based optical storage ring can be used to trap molecules and is an interesting platform for research into ultracold quantum gases and their quantum-state manipulation.
Keywords:  metamaterials      beam characteristics      trapping of molecules  
Received:  24 February 2022      Revised:  18 April 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  07 May 2022
PACS:  33.80.Gj (Diffuse spectra; predissociation, photodissociation)  
  78.67.Pt (Multilayers; superlattices; photonic structures; metamaterials)  
  42.60.Jf (Beam characteristics: profile, intensity, and power; spatial pattern formation)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12174115, 11974434, 91836103, and 11374100), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2020A1515011159), the Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou (Grant No. 202102080380), and Shanghai Pujiang Program (Grant No. 20PJ1403400).
Corresponding Authors:  Yang Liu, Yong Xia     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Chen Ling(凌晨), Yaling Yin(尹亚玲), Yang Liu(刘泱), Lin Li(李林), and Yong Xia(夏勇) Generation of a blue-detuned optical storage ring by a metasurface and its application in optical trapping of cold molecules 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 023301

[1] Kildishev A V, Boltasseva A and Shalaev V M 2013 Science 339 1232009
[2] Chen W T, Zhu A Y and Capasso F 2020 Nat. Rev. Mater. 5 604
[3] Fattal D, Li J, Peng Z, Fiorentino M and Beausoleil R G 2010 Nat. Photon. 4 466
[4] Pfeiffer C and Grbic A 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 197401
[5] Li L, Liu Z X, Ren X F, Wang S M, Su V C, Chen M K, Chu C H, Kuo H Y, Liu B H, Zang W B, Guo G C, Zhang L J, Wang Z L, Zhu S N and Tsai D P 2020 Science 368 1487
[6] Lin D M, Fan P Y, Hasman E and Brongersma M L 2014 Science 345 298
[7] Nshii C C, Vangeleyn M, Cotter J P, Griffin P F, Hinds E A, Ironside C N, See P, Sinclair A G, Riis E and Arnold A S 2013 Nat. Nanotechnol. 8 321
[8] Zhu L X, Liu X, Sain B, Wang M Y, Schlickriede C, Tang Y T, Deng J H, Li K F, Yang J, Holynski M, Zhang S, Zentgraf T, Bongs K, Lien Y H and Li G X 2020 Sci. Adv. 6 eabb6667
[9] McGehee W R, Zhu W Q, Barker D S, Westly D, Yulaev A, Klimov N, Agrawal A, Eckel S, Aksyuk V and McClelland J J 2021 New J. Phys. 23 013021
[10] Imhof E, Stuhl B K, Kasch B, Kroese B, Olson S E and Squires M B 2017 Phys. Rev. A 96 033636
[11] Barker D S, Norrgard E B, Klimov N N, Fedchak J A, Scherschligt J and Eckel S 2019 Phys. Rev. Appl. 11 064023
[12] Chen L, Huang C J, Xu X B, Lu Z T, Wang Z B, Chen G J, Zhang J Z, Tang H X, Dong C H, Liu W, Xiang G Y, Guo G C and Zou C L 2021 arXiv: 2107.07367
[13] Mo H R, Ji Z T, Zheng Y D, Liang W Y, Yu H K and Li Z Y 2021 Infrared and Laser Engineering 50 32
[14] Decker M, Staude I, Falkner M, Dominguez J, Neshev D N, Brener I, Pertsch T and Kivshar Y S 2015 Adv. Opt. Mater. 3 813
[15] Liu Z W, Steele J M, Srituravanich W, Pikus Y, Sun C and Zhang X 2005 Nano Lett. 5 1726
[16] Lu F L, Sedgwick F G, Karagodsky V, Chase C and Chang-Hasnain C J 2010 Opt. Exp. 18 12606
[17] Arbabi A, Horie Y, Ball A J, Bagheri M and Faraon A 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 7069
[18] Wang S M, Wu P C, Su V C, Lai Y C, Chu C H, Chen J W, Lu S H, Chen J, Xu B B, Kuan C H, Li T, Zhu S N and Tsai D P 2017 Nat. Commun. 8 187
[19] Zhang H, Li T, Yin Y L, Li X J, Xia Y and Yin J P 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 087802
[20] Cai W, Yu H, Xu S, Xia M, Li T, Yin Y, Xia Y and Yin J 2018 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35 3049
[21] Li J Y, Ye Y E, Lin C, Li L, Liu Y and Xia Y 2021 Acta Phys. Sin. 70 167802 (in Chinese)
[22] Yu H Y, Mao Z X, Li J Y, Ye Y E, Yin Y L, Xia Y and Yin J P 2020 J. Opt. 22 045104
[23] Zhang X C, Fu W S, Lv J G, Zhang C, Zhao X, Li W Y, Zhang H 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 088103
[24] Crompvoets F M H, Bethlem H L, Jongma R T and Meijer G 2001 Nature 411 174
[25] van der Poel A P P, Dulitz K, Softley T P, Bethlem H L 2015 New J. Phys. 17 055012
[26] Xia Y, Yin Y L, Ji X and Yin J P 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 053701
[27] Hou S Y, Wei B, Deng L Z and Yin J P 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 32663
[28] Smith D R and Schultz S 2002 Phys. Rev. B 65 195104
[29] Xu S P, Xia M, Gu R X, Pei C Y, Yang Z H, Xia Y and Yin J P 2019 J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 236 106583
[30] Xu S P, Xia M, Yin Y N, Gu R X, Xia Y and Yin J P 2019 J. Chem. Phys. 150 084302
[31] Xia M, Gu R X, Yan K, Wu D, Xu L, Xia Y and Yin J P 2021 Phys. Rev. A 103 013321
[32] Gu R X, Xia M, Yan K, Wu D, Wei J, Xu L, Xia Y and Yin J P 2022 J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 278 108015
[33] Yan K, Gu R X, Wu D, Wei J, Xia Y and Yin J P 2022 Front. Phys. 17 42502
[34] Yin J P 2006 Phys. Rep. 430 1
[1] Hydrodynamic metamaterials for flow manipulation: Functions and prospects
Bin Wang(王斌) and Jiping Huang (黄吉平). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(9): 098101.
[2] Controlling acoustic orbital angular momentum with artificial structures: From physics to application
Wei Wang(王未), Jingjing Liu(刘京京), Bin Liang (梁彬), and Jianchun Cheng(程建春). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(9): 094302.
[3] Dynamically controlled asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized waves in VO2-integrated Dirac semimetal metamaterials
Man Xu(许曼), Xiaona Yin(殷晓娜), Jingjing Huang(黄晶晶), Meng Liu(刘蒙), Huiyun Zhang(张会云), and Yuping Zhang(张玉萍). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(6): 067802.
[4] Simulated and experimental studies of a multi-band symmetric metamaterial absorber with polarization independence for radar applications
Hema O. Ali, Asaad M. Al-Hindawi, Yadgar I. Abdulkarim, Ekasit Nugoolcharoenlap, Tossapol Tippo,Fatih Özkan Alkurt, Olcay Altıntaş, and Muharrem Karaaslan. Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(5): 058401.
[5] High-efficiency unidirectional wavefront manipulation for broadband airborne sound with a planar device
Yang Tan(谭杨), Bin Liang(梁彬), and Jianchun Cheng(程建春). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(3): 034303.
[6] A high-quality-factor ultra-narrowband perfect metamaterial absorber based on monolayer molybdenum disulfide
Liying Jiang(蒋黎英), Yingting Yi(易颖婷), Yijun Tang(唐轶峻), Zhiyou Li(李治友),Zao Yi(易早), Li Liu(刘莉), Xifang Chen(陈喜芳), Ronghua Jian(简荣华),Pinghui Wu(吴平辉), and Peiguang Yan(闫培光). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(3): 038101.
[7] A multi-band and polarization-independent perfect absorber based on Dirac semimetals circles and semi-ellipses array
Zhiyou Li(李治友), Yingting Yi(易颖婷), Danyang Xu(徐丹阳), Hua Yang(杨华), Zao Yi(易早), Xifang Chen(陈喜芳), Yougen Yi(易有根), Jianguo Zhang(张建国), and Pinghui Wu(吴平辉). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(9): 098102.
[8] Highly tunable plasmon-induced transparency with Dirac semimetal metamaterials
Chunzhen Fan(范春珍), Peiwen Ren(任佩雯), Yuanlin Jia(贾渊琳), Shuangmei Zhu(朱双美), and Junqiao Wang(王俊俏). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(9): 096103.
[9] Efficient realization of daytime radiative cooling with hollow zigzag SiO2 metamaterials
Huawei Yao(姚华伟), Xiaoxia Wang(王晓霞), Huaiyuan Yin(殷怀远), Yuanlin Jia(贾渊琳), Yong Gao(高勇), Junqiao Wang(王俊俏), and Chunzhen Fan(范春珍). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(6): 064214.
[10] Hyperbolic metamaterials for high-efficiency generation of circularly polarized Airy beams
Lin Chen(陈林), Huihui Li(李会会), Weiming Hao(郝玮鸣), Xiang Yin(殷祥), Jian Wang(王健). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(8): 084210.
[11] Extraordinary propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves in one-dimensional anti-PT-symmetric ring optical waveguide network
Jie-Feng Xu(许杰锋), Xiang-Bo Yang(杨湘波), Hao-Han Chen(陈浩瀚), Zhan-Hong Lin(林展鸿). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(6): 064201.
[12] Efficient and multifunctional terahertz polarization control device based on metamaterials
Xiao-Fei Jiao(焦晓飞), Zi-Heng Zhang(张子恒), Yun Xu(徐云), and Guo-Feng Song(宋国峰). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(11): 114209.
[13] Enhanced reflection chiroptical effect of planar anisotropic chiral metamaterials placed on the interface of two media
Xiu Yang(杨秀), Tao Wei(魏涛), Feiliang Chen(陈飞良), Fuhua Gao(高福华), Jinglei Du(杜惊雷)†, and Yidong Hou(侯宜栋)‡. Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(10): 107303.
[14] Analysis of elliptical thermal cloak based on entropy generation and entransy dissipation approach
Meng Wang(王梦), Shiyao Huang(黄诗瑶), Run Hu(胡润), Xiaobing Luo(罗小兵). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(8): 087804.
[15] Three-dimensional thermal illusion devices with arbitrary shape
Xingwei Zhang(张兴伟), Xiao He(何晓), Linzhi Wu(吴林志). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(6): 064403.
No Suggested Reading articles found!