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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(8): 080301    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac70c3
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Celebrating 30 Years of Chinese Physics B
TOPICAL REVIEW—Celebrating 30 Years of Chinese Physics B Prev   Next  

Exploring Majorana zero modes in iron-based superconductors

Geng Li(李更)1,2,3, Shiyu Zhu(朱诗雨)1,2, Peng Fan(范朋)1,2, Lu Cao(曹路)1,2, and Hong-Jun Gao(高鸿钧)1,2,3,†
1 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Abstract  Majorana zero modes (MZMs) are Majorana-fermion-like quasiparticles existing in crystals or hybrid platforms with topologically non-trivial electronic structures. They obey non-Abelian braiding statistics and are considered promising to realize topological quantum computing. Discovery of MZM in the vortices of the iron-based superconductors (IBSs) has recently fueled the Majorana research in a way which not only removes the material barrier requiring construction of complicated hybrid artificial structures, but also enables observation of pure MZMs under higher temperatures. So far, MZMs have been observed in iron-based superconductors including FeTe0.55Se0.45, (Li0.84Fe0.16)OHFeSe, CaKFe4As4, and LiFeAs. In this topical review, we present an overview of the recent STM studies on the MZMs in IBSs. We start with the observation of MZMs in the vortices in FeTe0.55Se0.45 and discuss the pros and cons of FeTe0.55Se0.45 compared with other platforms. We then review the following up discovery of MZMs in vortices of CaKFe4As4, impurity-assisted vortices of LiFeAs, and quantum anomalous vortices in FeTe0.55Se0.45, illustrating the pathway of the developments of MZM research in IBSs. Finally, we give perspective on future experimental works in this field.
Keywords:  Majorana zero mode      iron-based superconductors      topological surface states      scanning tunneling microscopy  
Received:  07 April 2022      Revised:  17 May 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  18 May 2022
PACS:  03.75.Lm (Tunneling, Josephson effect, Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic potentials, solitons, vortices, and topological excitations)  
  74.25.-q (Properties of superconductors)  
  74.70.-b (Superconducting materials other than cuprates)  
Fund: The work is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (Grant No. 2019YFA0308500) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. XDB28000000 and YSBR-003).
Corresponding Authors:  Hong-Jun Gao     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Geng Li(李更), Shiyu Zhu(朱诗雨), Peng Fan(范朋), Lu Cao(曹路), and Hong-Jun Gao(高鸿钧) Exploring Majorana zero modes in iron-based superconductors 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 080301

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