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Chin. Phys. B, 2019, Vol. 28(6): 064403    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/6/064403

Three-dimensional thermal illusion devices with arbitrary shape

Xingwei Zhang(张兴伟)1, Xiao He(何晓)1, Linzhi Wu(吴林志)1,2
1 Key Laboratory of Advanced Ship Materials and Mechanics, College of Aerospace and Civil Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China;
2 Center for Composite Materials, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China

Since the concept of invisible cloak was proposed by Pendry and Leonhardt in 2006, many researchers have applied the theory of coordinate transformation to thermodynamics and overcome the complexity of inhomogeneous and anisotropic of material parameters. However, only two-dimensional (2D) thermal illusion devices are researched recently. According to this situation, our study focuses on three-dimensional (3D) thermal illusion devices including shrinker (or invisible cloak), concentrator, amplifier, reshaper, and rotator with arbitrary shape in a general way. In this paper, the corresponding material parameters of thermal illusion devices mentioned above are derived based on the theory of transformation thermodynamics and the simulated results agree well with the theoretical derivations. In addition, the conventional invisible cloak just controls the temperature gradient rather than the temperature value which is more concerned in physical applications. Here, we find that the temperature value of the cloaked object can be controlled by adjusting the location of the original point of the coordinate system.

Keywords:  thermal illusion device      metamaterials      transformation thermaldynamics  
Received:  14 January 2019      Revised:  27 March 2019      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  44.10.+i (Heat conduction)  
  81.05.Xj (Metamaterials for chiral, bianisotropic and other complex media)  
  07.05.Tp (Computer modeling and simulation)  
  05.70.-a (Thermodynamics)  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11702069) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. HEUCFM180203).

Corresponding Authors:  Xiao He, Linzhi Wu     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Xingwei Zhang(张兴伟), Xiao He(何晓), Linzhi Wu(吴林志) Three-dimensional thermal illusion devices with arbitrary shape 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 064403

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