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Chin. Phys. B, 2014, Vol. 23(4): 048103    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/23/4/048103

An optimized, sensitive and stable reduced graphene oxide-gold nanoparticle-luminol-H2O2 chemiluminescence system and its potential analytical application

Wang Wen-Shuoa, He Da-Weia, Wang Ji-Hongb, Duan Jia-Huaa, Peng Hong-Shanga, Wu Hong-Penga, Fu Minga, Wang Yong-Shenga, Zhang Xi-Qinga
a Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Optical Information, Ministry of Education, Institute of Optoelectronic Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China;
b School of Science, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
Abstract  The chemiluminescence (CL) performance of luminol is improved using reduced graphene oxide/gold nanoparticle (rGO-AuNP) nano-composites as catalyst. To prepare this catalyst, we propose a linker free, one-step method to in-situ synthesize rGO-AuNP nano-composites. Various measurements are utilized to characterize the resulting rGO-AuNP samples, and it is revealed that rGO could improve the stability and conductivity. Furthermore, we investigate the CL signals of luminal catalyzed by rGO-AuNP. Afterwards, the size effect of particle and the assisted enhancement effect of rGO are studied and discussed in detail. Based on the discussion, an optimal, sensitive and stable rGO-AuNP-luminon-H2O2 CL system is proposed. Finally, we utilize the system as a sensor to detect hydrogen peroxide and organic compounds containing amino, hydroxyl, or thiol groups. The CL system might provide a more attractive platform for various analytical devices with CL detection in the field of biosensors, bioassays, and immunosensors.
Keywords:  graphene      nanoparticles      chemiluminescence      biosensers  
Received:  12 September 2013      Revised:  30 October 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  81.05.ue (Graphene)  
  78.67.Bf (Nanocrystals, nanoparticles, and nanoclusters)  
  78.60.Ps (Chemiluminescence) (Biosensors)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Basic Research Program, China (Grant Nos. 2011CB932700 and 2011CB932703), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61378073, 61335006, 91123025, and 61077044), and the Beijing Natural Science FundProject, China (Grant No. 4132031).
Corresponding Authors:  He Da-Wei, Zhang Xi-Qing     E-mail:;
About author:  81.05.ue; 78.67.Bf; 78.60.Ps;

Cite this article: 

Wang Wen-Shuo, He Da-Wei, Wang Ji-Hong, Duan Jia-Hua, Peng Hong-Shang, Wu Hong-Peng, Fu Ming, Wang Yong-Sheng, Zhang Xi-Qing An optimized, sensitive and stable reduced graphene oxide-gold nanoparticle-luminol-H2O2 chemiluminescence system and its potential analytical application 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 048103

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