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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(7): 077501    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac597f

Large inverse and normal magnetocaloric effects in HoBi compound with nonhysteretic first-order phase transition

Yan Zhang(张艳)1,3, You-Guo Shi(石友国)2, Li-Chen Wang(王利晨)2, Xin-Qi Zheng(郑新奇)4, Jun Liu(刘俊)2, Ya-Xu Jin(金亚旭)1,3, Ke-Wei Zhang(张克维)1,3, Hong-Xia Liu(刘虹霞)1,3, Shuo-Tong Zong(宗朔通)1,3,†, Zhi-Gang Sun(孙志刚)1,3, Ji-Fan Hu(胡季帆)1,3, Tong-Yun Tong(赵同云)2, and Bao-Gen Shen(沈保根)2
1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;
2 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 Laboratory of Magnetic and Electric Functional Materials and Applications, The Key Laboratory of Shanxi Province, Taiyuan 030024, China;
4 School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract  HoBi single crystal and polycrystalline compounds with NaCl-type structure are successfully obtained, and their magnetic and magnetocaloric properties are studied in detail. With temperature increasing, HoBi compound undergoes two magnetic transitions at 3.7 K and 6 K, respectively. The transition temperature at 6 K is recognized as an antiferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic (AFM-PM) transition, which belongs to the first-order magnetic phase transition (FOMT). It is interesting that the HoBi compound with FOMT exhibits good thermal and magnetic reversibility. Furthermore, a large inverse and normal magnetocaloric effect (MCE) is found in HoBi single crystal in the $H|| [100]$ direction, and the positive $\Delta S_{\rm M}$ peak reaches 13.1 J/kg$\cdot$K under a low field change of 2 T and the negative $\Delta S_{\rm M}$ peak arrives at $-18 $ J/kg$\cdot$K under a field change of 5 T. These excellent properties are expected to be applied to some magnetic refrigerators with special designs and functions.
Keywords:  magnetocaloric effect      antiferromagnetic      rare-earth compounds  
Received:  23 January 2022      Revised:  25 February 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  02 March 2022
PACS:  75.30.Sg (Magnetocaloric effect, magnetic cooling)  
  75.50.Ee (Antiferromagnetics)  
  75.50.Cc (Other ferromagnetic metals and alloys)  
Fund: Project supported by the Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2021L304), the Taiyuan University of Science and Technology Scientific Research Initial Funding, China (Grant Nos. 20202022 and 20222002), the Funding for Outstanding Doctoral Research in Jin, China (Grant No. 20212002), the Fund from the State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, China (Grant No. 2022-KF-32), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51901150).
Corresponding Authors:  Shuo-Tong Zong     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Yan Zhang(张艳), You-Guo Shi(石友国), Li-Chen Wang(王利晨), Xin-Qi Zheng(郑新奇), Jun Liu(刘俊), Ya-Xu Jin(金亚旭), Ke-Wei Zhang(张克维), Hong-Xia Liu(刘虹霞), Shuo-Tong Zong(宗朔通), Zhi-Gang Sun(孙志刚), Ji-Fan Hu(胡季帆), Tong-Yun Tong(赵同云), and Bao-Gen Shen(沈保根) Large inverse and normal magnetocaloric effects in HoBi compound with nonhysteretic first-order phase transition 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 077501

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