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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(4): 047504    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab7da7
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Magnetism, magnetic materials, and interdisciplinary research
TOPICAL REVIEW—Magnetism, magnetic materials, and interdisciplinary research Prev   Next  

Multicaloric and coupled-caloric effects

Jia-Zheng Hao(郝嘉政)1,2, Feng-Xia Hu(胡凤霞)2,3,4, Zi-Bing Yu(尉紫冰)2,3, Fei-Ran Shen(沈斐然)2,3, Hou-Bo Zhou(周厚博)2,3, Yi-Hong Gao(高怡红)2,3, Kai-Ming Qiao(乔凯明)2,3, Jia Li(李佳)2,3, Cheng Zhang(张丞)2,3, Wen-Hui Liang(梁文会)2,3, Jing Wang(王晶)2,3,5, Jun He(何峻)1, Ji-Rong Sun(孙继荣)2,3,4, Bao-Gen Shen(沈保根)2,3,4
1 Division of Functional Material Research, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China;
2 Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics&State Key Laboratory of Magnetism, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
4 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China;
5 Fujian Innovation Academy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350108, China
Abstract  The multicaloric effect refers to the thermal response of a solid material driven by simultaneous or sequential application of more than one type of external field. For practical applications, the multicaloric effect is a potentially interesting strategy to improve the efficiency of refrigeration devices. Here, the state of the art in multi-field driven multicaloric effect is reviewed. The phenomenology and fundamental thermodynamics of the multicaloric effect are well established. A number of theoretical and experimental research approaches are covered. At present, the theoretical understanding of the multicaloric effect is thorough. However, due to the limitation of the current experimental technology, the experimental approach is still in progress. All these researches indicated that the thermal response and effective reversibility of multiferroic materials can be improved through multicaloric cycles to overcome the inherent limitations of the physical mechanisms behind single-field-induced caloric effects. Finally, the viewpoint of further developments is presented.
Keywords:  multicaloric effect      coupled-caloric effect      solid-state refrigeration      magnetocaloric effect  
Received:  01 February 2020      Revised:  20 February 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  05.70.Fh (Phase transitions: general studies) (Entropy)  
  75.30.Sg (Magnetocaloric effect, magnetic cooling)  
  75.85.+t (Magnetoelectric effects, multiferroics)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2017YFB0702702, 2019YFA0704904, 2018YFA0305704, 2017YFA0206300, 2017YFA0303601, and 2016YFB0700903), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. U1832219, 51531008, 51771223, 51590880, 51971240, 11674378, 11934016, and 11921004), and the Key Program and Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Corresponding Authors:  Feng-Xia Hu, Jun He     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Jia-Zheng Hao(郝嘉政), Feng-Xia Hu(胡凤霞), Zi-Bing Yu(尉紫冰), Fei-Ran Shen(沈斐然), Hou-Bo Zhou(周厚博), Yi-Hong Gao(高怡红), Kai-Ming Qiao(乔凯明), Jia Li(李佳), Cheng Zhang(张丞), Wen-Hui Liang(梁文会), Jing Wang(王晶), Jun He(何峻), Ji-Rong Sun(孙继荣), Bao-Gen Shen(沈保根) Multicaloric and coupled-caloric effects 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 047504

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