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Chin. Phys. B, 2014, Vol. 23(11): 116801    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/23/11/116801
CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Moiré patterns and step edges on few-layer graphene grown on nickel films

Ke Fena, Yin Xiu-Lia, Tong Naia, Lin Chen-Fanga, Liu Nanb, Zhao Ru-Guanga, Fu Leib, Liu Zhong-Fanb, Hu Zong-Haia c
a State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
b Center for Nanochemistry (CNC), Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
c Collaborative Innovation Center for Quantum Matter, Beijing 100871, China
Abstract  Few-layer graphene grown on Ni thin films has been studied by scanning tunneling microscopy. In most areas on the surfaces, moiré patterns resulted from rotational stacking faults were observed. At a bias lower than 200 mV, only one sublattice shows up in regions without moiré patterns while both sublattices are seen in regions with moiré pattens. This phenomenon can be used to identify AB stacked regions. The scattering characteristics at various types of step edges are different from those of monolayer graphene edges, either armchair or zigzag.
Keywords:  scanning tunneling microscopy      few-layer graphene      stacking order      step edge     
Received:  21 April 2014      Published:  15 November 2014
PACS:  68.37.Ef (Scanning tunneling microscopy (including chemistry induced with STM))  
  68.65.Cd (Superlattices)  
  73.21.Cd (Superlattices)  
  73.22.Pr (Electronic structure of graphene)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB921300), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11074005 and 91021007), and the Chinese Ministry of Education.
Corresponding Authors:  Hu Zong-Hai     E-mail:  zhhu@pku.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Ke Fen, Yin Xiu-Li, Tong Nai, Lin Chen-Fang, Liu Nan, Zhao Ru-Guang, Fu Lei, Liu Zhong-Fan, Hu Zong-Hai Moiré patterns and step edges on few-layer graphene grown on nickel films 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 116801

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