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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(1): 018202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac3500

Substrate tuned reconstructed polymerization of naphthalocyanine on Ag(110)

Qi Zheng(郑琦)1,2, Li Huang(黄立)1,2,3,†, Deliang Bao(包德亮)1,2,3,4, Rongting Wu(武荣庭)1,2,3,§, Yan Li(李彦)1,2, Xiao Lin(林晓)2,3,‡, Shixuan Du(杜世萱)1,2,3,5, and Hong-Jun Gao(高鸿钧)1,2,3,5
1 Beijing National Center for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 CAS Center for Excellence in Topological Quantum Computation, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA;
5 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Abstract  The linkage structures between monomers make great influence on the properties of polymers. The synthesis of some special linkage structures can be challenging, which is often overcome by employing special reaction conditions. Here, we build dihydropentalene linkage in poly-naphthalocyanine on Ag(110) surface. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and non-contact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM) measurements confirm the dihydropentalene linkage structure and a possible formation path with reconstruction steps is proposed. The controlled experiment on Ag(100) surface shows no dihydropentalene structures formed, which indicates the grooved substrate is necessary for the reconstruction. This work provides insights into the surface restricted reactions that can yield special structures in organic polymers.
Keywords:  on-surface polymerization      reconstruction      scanning tunneling microscopy      noncontact atomic force microscopy  
Received:  21 October 2021      Revised:  28 October 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  01 November 2021
PACS:  82.35.Gh (Polymers on surfaces; adhesion)  
  82.35.-x (Polymers: properties; reactions; polymerization)  
  68.37.Ef (Scanning tunneling microscopy (including chemistry induced with STM))  
  68.37.Ps (Atomic force microscopy (AFM))  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61888102), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2018YFA0305800 and 2019YFA0308500), Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. XDB30000000, YSBR-003, and 112111KYSB20160061), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China.
Corresponding Authors:  Li Huang, Xiao Lin     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Qi Zheng(郑琦), Li Huang(黄立), Deliang Bao(包德亮), Rongting Wu(武荣庭), Yan Li(李彦), Xiao Lin(林晓), Shixuan Du(杜世萱), and Hong-Jun Gao(高鸿钧) Substrate tuned reconstructed polymerization of naphthalocyanine on Ag(110) 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 018202

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