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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(5): 058504    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/5/058504

Two-color light-emitting diodes with polarization-sensitive high extraction efficiency based on graphene

H Sattarian1, S Shojaei2, E Darabi1
1. Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran;
2. Photonics Department, Research Institute for Applied Physics & Astronomy, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract  In the present study, graphene photonic crystals are employed to enhance the light extraction efficiency (LEE) of two-color, red and blue, light-emitting diode (LED). The transmission characteristics of one-dimensional (1D) Fibonacci graphene photonic crystal LED (FGPC-LED) are investigated by using the transfer matrix method and the scaling study is presented. We analyzed the influence of period, thickness, and permittivity in the structure to enhance the LEE. The transmission spectrum of 1D FGPC has been optimized in detail. In addition, the effects of the angle of incidence and the state of polarization are investigated. As the main result, we found the optimum values of relevant parameters to enhance the extraction of red and blue light from an LED as well as provide perfect omnidirectional and high peak transmission filters for the TE and TM modes.
Keywords:  photonic crystal      blue light emitting diode      graphene      transfer matrix method  
Received:  18 August 2015      Revised:  11 January 2016      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  85.60.Jb (Light-emitting devices)  
  78.67.Wj (Optical properties of graphene)  
  42.70.Qs (Photonic bandgap materials)  
  78.20.Ci (Optical constants (including refractive index, complex dielectric constant, absorption, reflection and transmission coefficients, emissivity))  
Corresponding Authors:  H Sattarian     E-mail:,

Cite this article: 

H Sattarian, S Shojaei, E Darabi Two-color light-emitting diodes with polarization-sensitive high extraction efficiency based on graphene 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 058504

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