Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(4): 044203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac921d

Nonreciprocal wide-angle bidirectional absorber based on one-dimensional magnetized gyromagnetic photonic crystals

You-Ming Liu(刘又铭)1, Yuan-Kun Shi(史源坤)1, Ban-Fei Wan(万宝飞)1, Dan Zhang(张丹)2, and Hai-Feng Zhang(章海锋)1,†
1 College of Electronic and Optical Engineering&College of Flexible Electronics(Future Technology), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China;
2 College of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Abstract  We propose magnetized gyromagnetic photonic crystals (MGPCs) composed of indium antimonide (InSb) and yttrium iron garnet ferrite (YIGF) layers, which possess the properties of nonreciprocal wide-angle bidirectional absorption. Periodical defects in the MGPCs work as filters. Absorption bands (ABs) for the positive and negative propagations arise from the optical Tamm state and resonance in cavities respectively, and they prove to share no overlaps in the studied frequency range. Given ω=2.0138 THz, for the positive propagation, the ABs in the high-frequency range are localized in the interval between 0.66ω and 0.88ω. In the angular range, the ABs for the TE and TM waves reach 60° and 51°, separately. For the negative propagation, the ABs in the low-frequency range are localized in the interval between 0.13ω and 0.3ω. The ABs extend to 60° for the TE waves and 80.4° for the TM waves. There also exists a narrow frequency band in a lower frequency range. The relevant factors, which include the external temperature, the magnetic fields applied to the YIGF, the refractive index of the impedance matching layer, and the defect thickness, are adjusted to investigate the effects on the ABs. All the numerical simulations are based on the transfer matrix method. This work provides an approach to designs of isolators and so on.
Keywords:  nonreciprocal absorption      magnetized gyromagnetic photonic crystals      transfer matrix method      optical Tamm state  
Received:  04 July 2022      Revised:  07 September 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  15 September 2022
PACS:  42.25.Bs (Wave propagation, transmission and absorption)  
  42.25.-p (Wave optics)  
Fund: Project supported by the College Student Innovation Training Program of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, and the Jiangsu Agriculture Science and Technology Innovation Fund (JASTIF) (Grant No. CX(21)3187).
Corresponding Authors:  Hai-Feng Zhang     E-mail:,

Cite this article: 

You-Ming Liu(刘又铭), Yuan-Kun Shi(史源坤), Ban-Fei Wan(万宝飞), Dan Zhang(张丹), and Hai-Feng Zhang(章海锋) Nonreciprocal wide-angle bidirectional absorber based on one-dimensional magnetized gyromagnetic photonic crystals 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 044203

[1] Yablonovitch E 1987 Phys. Rev. Lett 58 2059
[2] John S 1987 Phys. Rev. Lett. 58 2486
[3] Potton R J 2004 Rep. Prog. Phys. 67 717
[4] Kato H, Matsushita T, Takayama A, Egawa M, Nishimura K and Inoue M 2002 IEEE Trans. Magn. 38 3246
[5] Zhang L, Yang D, Chen K, Li T and Xia S 2013 Opt. Laser Technol. 50 195
[6] Wang Z Y, Yu Z H, Zheng X D and Wang L 2012 J. Electromagnet. Waves Appl. 26 1476
[7] Fu W, Shu F J, Zhang Y L, Dong C H, Zou C L and Guo G C 2015 Opt. Express 23 25118
[8] Xue C, Jiang H and Chen H 2010 Opt. Express 18 7479
[9] Hu X, Li Z, Zhang J, Yang H, Gong Q and Zhang X 2011 Adv. Funct. 21 1803
[10] Gevorgyan A H, Golik S S and Gevorgyan T A 2019 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 474 173
[11] Smith K and Chabanov A A 2011 Integr. Ferroelectr. 131 66
[12] Ardakani A G 2014 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31 332
[13] Zamani M, Amanollahi M and Taraz M 2019 Opt. Mater. 88 187
[14] Kalish A N, Komarov R S, Kozhaev M A, Achanta V G, Dagesyan S A, Shaposhnikov A N and Belotelov V I 2018 Optica 5 617
[15] Liu K, Shen L and He S 2012 Opt. Lett. 37 4110
[16] Yang Y, Poo Y, Wu R X, Gu Y and Chen P 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 231113
[17] Yu G X, Fu J J, Du W W, Lv Y H and Luo M 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 024101
[18] Du G X, Mori T, Suzuki M, Saito S, Fukuda H and Takahashi M 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 081915
[19] Ardakani A G 2014 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31 332
[20] Yu G, Zhang X, Lv Y and Cao R 2021 Optik 248 166230
[21] Hu S, Song J, Guo Z, Jiang H, Deng F, Dong L and Chen H 2022 Opt. Express 30 12104
[22] Schurig D, Mock J J, Justice B J, Cummer S A, Pendry J B, Starr A F and Smith D R 2006 Science 314 977
[23] Shameli M A and Yousefi L 2022 Opt. Laser Technol. 145 107457
[24] Parmar J and Patel S K 2022 Physica B 624 413399
[25] Li Z, Palacios E, Butun S, Kocer H and Aydin K 2015 Sci. Rep. 5 15137
[26] Li H, Qin M, Wang L, Zhai X, Ren R and Hu J 2017 Opt. Express 25 31612
[27] Xu Z B, Qi Z H, Wang G W, Liu C, Cui J H, Li W L and Wang T 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 087504
[28] Dasgupta B, Dasgupta P, Janaki M S, Watanabe T and Sato T 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 3144
[29] Wu F, Wu X, Xiao S, Liu G and Li H 2021 Opt. Express 29 23976
[30] Su Z P, Wei T T and Wang Y K 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 087804
[31] Qi L M, Yang Z Q, Lan F, Gao X and Shi Z J 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 042501
[32] Wang H and Li Y P 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 2172 (in Chinese)
[33] Sharma Y, Prasad S and Singh V 2018 Opt. Quantum Electron. 50 1
[34] Mehdian H, Mohammadzahery Z and Hasanbeigi A 2015 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48 305101
[35] Dai X, Xiang Y, Wen S and He H 2011 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 109 053104
[36] Chen S, Fan F, Wang X, Wu P, Zhang H and Chang S 2015 Opt. Express 23 1015
[37] Razi S and Ghasemi F 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 124205
[38] Chang T, Huang C, Hou D J, Wu C and Chen D 2017 IEEE Photon. J. 9 5900509
[1] Local density of optical states calculated by the mode spectrum in stratified media
Ting Fu(傅廷), Jingxuan Chen(陈静瑄), Xueyou Wang(王学友), Yingqiu Dai(戴迎秋), Xuyan Zhou(周旭彦), Yufei Wang(王宇飞), Mingjin Wang(王明金), and Wanhua Zheng(郑婉华). Chin. Phys. B, 2023, 32(4): 040204.
[2] Enhancing terahertz photonic spin Hall effect via optical Tamm state and the sensing application
Jie Cheng(程杰), Jiahao Xu(徐家豪), Yinjie Xiang(项寅杰), Shengli Liu(刘胜利), Fengfeng Chi(迟逢逢), Bin Li(李斌), and Peng Dong(董鹏). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(12): 124202.
[3] Edge states enhanced by long-range hopping: An analytical study
Huiping Wang(王会平), Li Ren(任莉), Liguo Qin(秦立国), and Yueyin Qiu(邱岳寅). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(10): 107301.
[4] Impact vibration properties of locally resonant fluid-conveying pipes
Bing Hu(胡兵), Fu-Lei Zhu(朱付磊), Dian-Long Yu(郁殿龙), Jiang-Wei Liu(刘江伟), Zhen-Fang Zhang(张振方), Jie Zhong(钟杰), and Ji-Hong Wen(温激鸿). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(12): 124301.
[5] Two-color light-emitting diodes with polarization-sensitive high extraction efficiency based on graphene
H Sattarian, S Shojaei, E Darabi. Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(5): 058504.
[6] Surface states in crystals with low-index surfaces
Wang Hui-Ping (王会平), Tao Rui-Bao (陶瑞宝). Chin. Phys. B, 2015, 24(11): 117301.
[7] Rectification effect in asymmetric Kerr nonlinear medium
Liu Wan-Guo (刘晚果), Pan Feng-Ming (潘风明), Cai Li-Wei (蔡力伟). Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(6): 064213.
[8] Optical properties of the electromagnetic waves propagating in an elliptical cylinder multilayer structure
A. Abdoli-Arani. Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(3): 034211.
[9] Optical Tamm state polaritons in a quantum well microcavity with gold layers
Zhang Wei-Li (张伟利) and Rao Yun-Jiang(饶云江) . Chin. Phys. B, 2012, 21(5): 057107.
[10] Analytical study of surface states caused by the edge decoration
Zhao Yuan-Yuan(赵媛媛), Li Wei(李炜), and Tao Rui-Bao(陶瑞宝) . Chin. Phys. B, 2012, 21(2): 027302.
[11] Photon tunneling and transmittance resonance through a multi-layer structure with a left-handed material
He Ying (何英), Zhang Xia (张霞), Yang Yan-Fang (杨艳芳), Li Chun-Fang (李春芳). Chin. Phys. B, 2011, 20(5): 054103.
[12] Generation and classification of the translational shape-invariant potentials based on the analytical transfer matrix method
Sang Ming-Huang(桑明煌), Yu Zi-Xing(余子星), Li Cui-Cui(李翠翠), and Tu Kai(涂凯) . Chin. Phys. B, 2011, 20(12): 120304.
[13] Quantum reflection as the reflection of subwaves
Yuan Wen(袁文), Yin Cheng(殷澄), Wang Xian-Ping(王贤平), and Cao Zhuang-Qi(曹庄琪). Chin. Phys. B, 2010, 19(9): 093402.
[14] Energy eigenvalues from an analytical transfer matrix method
He Ying(何英), Zhang Fan-Ming(张凡明), Yang Yan-Fang(杨艳芳), and Li Chun-Fang(李春芳). Chin. Phys. B, 2010, 19(4): 040306.
[15] The analytical transfer matrix method for quantum reflection
Xu Tian(许田), Cao Zhuang-Qi(曹庄琪), and Fang Jing-Huai(方靖淮). Chin. Phys. B, 2010, 19(4): 040307.
No Suggested Reading articles found!