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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(1): 018203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/1/018203
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Fundamental physics research in lithium batteries
TOPICAL REVIEW—Fundamental physics research in lithium batteries Prev   Next  

Size effects in lithium ion batteries

Hu-Rong Yao(姚胡蓉)1,2, Ya-Xia Yin(殷雅侠)1, Yu-Guo Guo (郭玉国)1,2,3
1. CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. Shandong Wina Green Power Co. Ltd., Shouguang 262705, China

Size-related properties of novel lithium battery materials, arising from kinetics, thermodynamics, and newly discovered lithium storage mechanisms, are reviewed. Complementary experimental and computational investigations of the use of the size effects to modify electrodes and electrolytes for lithium ion batteries are enumerated and discussed together. Size differences in the materials in lithium ion batteries lead to a variety of exciting phenomena. Smaller-particle materials with highly connective interfaces and reduced diffusion paths exhibit higher rate performance than the corresponding bulk materials. The thermodynamics is also changed by the higher surface energy of smaller particles, affecting, for example, secondary surface reactions, lattice parameter, voltage, and the phase transformation mechanism. Newly discovered lithium storage mechanisms that result in superior storage capacity are also briefly highlighted.

Keywords:  lithium ion batteries      size effects      experiment      calculation  
Received:  11 May 2015      Revised:  07 July 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  82.47.Aa (Lithium-ion batteries)  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51225204 and 21303222), the Shandong Taishan Scholarship, China, the Ministry of Science and Technology, China (Grant No. 2012CB932900), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA09010000).

Corresponding Authors:  Yu-Guo Guo     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Hu-Rong Yao(姚胡蓉), Ya-Xia Yin(殷雅侠), Yu-Guo Guo (郭玉国) Size effects in lithium ion batteries 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 018203

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