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CN 11-5639/O4
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HighLights

Hard carbons derived from pine nut shells as anode materials for Na-ion batteries Hot!

Hao Guo(郭浩), Kai Sun(孙凯), Yaxiang Lu(陆雅翔), Hongliang Wang(王洪亮), Xiaobai Ma(马小柏), Zhengyao Li(李正耀), Yong-Sheng Hu(胡勇胜), Dongfeng Chen(陈东风)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (6): 068203 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/6/068203
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Hard carbons as promising anode materials for Na-ion batteries (NIBs) have captured extensive attention because of their low operation voltage, easy synthesis process, and competitive specific capacity. However, there are still several disadvantages, such as high cost and low initial coulombic efficiency, which limit their large-scale commercial applications. Herein, pine nut shells (PNSs), a low-cost biomass waste, are used as precursors to prepare hard carbon materials. Via a series of washing and heat treatment procedures, a pine nut shell hard carbon (PNSHC)-1400 sample has been obtained and delivers a reversible capacity of around 300 mAh/g, a high initial coulombic efficiency of 84%, and good cycling performance. These excellent Na storage properties indicate that PNSHC is one of the most promising candidates of hard carbon anodes for NIBs.

Improved electrochemical performance of Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 at high charging cut-off voltage with Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3 surface coating Hot!

Yi Wang(王怡), Bo-Nan Liu(刘柏男), Ge Zhou(周格), Kai-Hui Nie(聂凯会), Jie-Nan Zhang(张杰男), Xi-Qian Yu(禹习谦), Hong Li(李泓)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (6): 068202 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/6/068202
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Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 has been surface-modified by the lithium-ion conductor Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3 via a facile mechanical fusion method. The annealing temperature during coating process shows a strong impact on the surface morphology and chemical composition of Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2. The 600-℃ annealed material exhibits the best cyclic stability at high charging cut-off voltage of 4.5 V (versus Li+/Li) with the capacity retention of 90.9% after 100 cycles, which is much higher than that of bare material (79%). Moreover, the rate capability and thermal stability are also improved by Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3 coating. The enhanced performance can be attributed to the improved stability of interface between Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2 and electrolyte by Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3 modification. The results of this work provide a possible method to design reliable cathode materials to achieve high energy density and long cycle life.

Direct deposition of graphene nanowalls on ceramic powders for the fabrication of a ceramic matrix composite Hot!

Hai-Tao Zhou(周海涛), Da-Bo Liu(刘大博), Fei Luo(罗飞), Ye Tian(田野), Dong-Sheng Chen(陈冬生), Bing-Wei Luo(罗炳威), Zhang Zhou(周璋), Cheng-Min Shen(申承民)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (6): 068102 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/6/068102
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Uniform mixing of ceramic powder and graphene is of great importance for producing ceramic matrix composite. In this study, graphene nanowalls (GNWs) are directly deposited on the surface of Al2O3 and Si3N4 powders using chemical vapor deposition system to realize the uniform mixing. The morphology and the initial stage of the growth process are investigated. It is found that the graphitic base layer is initially formed parallel to the powder surface and is followed by the growth of graphene nanowalls perpendicular to the surface. Moreover, the lateral length of the graphene sheet could be well controlled by tuning the growth temperature. GNWs/Al2O3 powder is consolidated by using sparking plasma sintering method and several physical properties are measured. Owing to the addition of GNWs, the electrical conductivity of the bulk alumina is significantly increased.

Crystal structures and sign reversal Hall resistivities in iron-based superconductors Lix(C3H10N2)0.32FeSe (0.15 < x < 0.4) Hot!

Rui-Jin Sun(孙瑞锦), Shi-Feng Jin(金士锋), Jun Deng(邓俊), Mu-Nan Hao(郝木难), Lin-Lin Zhao(赵琳琳), Xiao Fan(范晓), Xiao-Ning Sun(孙晓宁), Jian-Gang Guo(郭建刚), Lin Gu(谷林)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (6): 067401 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/6/067401
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Heavy electron-doped FeSe-derived materials have attracted attention due to their uncommon electronic structures with only ‘electron pockets’, and they are different from other iron-based superconductors. Here, we report the crystal structures, superconductivities and normal state properties of two new Li-doped FeSe-based materials, i.e., Li0.15(C3H10N2)0.32FeSe (P-4) and Lix(C3H10N2)0.32FeSe (P4/nmm, 0.25 < x < 0.4) with superconducting transition temperatures ranging from 40 K to 46 K. The determined crystal structures reveal a coupling between Li concentration and the orientation of 1,3-diaminopropane molecules within the largely expanded FeSe layers. Superconducting fluctuations appear in the resistivity of the two superconductors and are fitted in terms of the quasi two-dimensional (2D) Lawrence-Doniach model. The existence of a crossing point and scaling behavior in the T-dependence of diamagnetic response also suggests that the two superconductors belong to the quasi-2D system. Interestingly, with the increase of temperature, a sign of Hall coefficient (RH) reversing from negative to positive is observed at~185 K in both phases, suggesting that ‘hole pockets’ emerge in these electron-doped FeSe materials. First principle calculations indicate that the increase in FeSe layer distance will lift up a ‘hole band’ associated with dx2-y2 character and increase the hole carriers. Our findings suggest that the increase in two dimensionalities may lead to the sign-reversal Hall resistivity in Lix(C3H10N2)0.32FeSe at high temperature.

The universal characteristic water content of aqueous solutions Hot!

Xiao Huang(黄晓), Ze-Xian Cao(曹则贤), Qiang Wang(王强)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (6): 065101 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/6/065101
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Raman measurements at room temperature reveal a characteristic concentration for a series of aqueous solutions of electrolytes, through which O-H stretching vibration of H2O or dilute HDO obviously changes their concentration dependence. This characteristic concentration is very consistent with another, through which the solutions undergo an abrupt change in their glass-forming ability. Interestingly, the molar ratio of water to solute at these two consistent concentration points is almost solute-type independent and about twice the hydration number of solutes. We suggest that just when the concentration increases above this characteristic concentration, bulk-like free water disappears in aqueous solutions and all water molecules among closely-packed hydrated solutes exhibit the characteristics of confined water.

Epitaxial fabrication of two-dimensional TiTe2 monolayer on Au(111) substrate with Te as buffer layer Hot!

Zhipeng Song(宋志朋), Bao Lei(雷宝), Yun Cao(曹云), Jing Qi(戚竞), Hao Peng(彭浩), Qin Wang(汪琴), Li Huang(黄立), Hongliang Lu(路红亮), Xiao Lin(林晓), Ye-Liang Wang(王业亮), Shixuan Du(杜世萱), Hong-Jun Gao(高鸿钧)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (5): 056801 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/5/056801
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Two-dimensional (2D) materials provide a platform to exploit the novel physical properties of functional nanodevices. Here, we report on the formation of a new 2D layered material, a well-ordered monolayer TiTe2, on a Au(111) surface by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) measurements of the samples indicate that the TiTe2 film forms (√3×√7) superlattice with respect to the Au(111) substrate, which has three different orientations. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) measurements clearly show three ordered domains consistent with the LEED patterns. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations further confirm the formation of 2H-TiTe2 monolayer on the Au(111) surface with Te as buffer layer. The fabrication of this 2D layered heterostructure expands 2D material database, which may bring new physical properties for future applications.

Variational and diffusion Monte Carlo simulations of a hydrogen molecular ion in a spherical box Hot!

Xuehui Xiao(肖学会), Kuo Bao(包括), Youchun Wang(王友春), Hui Xie(谢慧), Defang Duan(段德芳), Fubo Tian(田夫波), Tian Cui(崔田)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (5): 056401 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/5/056401
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The variational and diffusion Monte Carlo approaches are used to study the ground-state properties of a hydrogen molecular ion in a spheroidal box. In this work, we successfully treat the zero-point motion of protons in the same formalism with as of electrons and avoid the Born-Oppenheimer approximation in density function theory. The study shows that the total energy increases with the decrease in volume, and that the distance between protons decreases as the pressure increases. Considering the motion of protons, the kinetic energy of the electron is higher than that of the fixed model under the same conditions and increases by 5%. The kinetic energy of the proton is found to be small under high pressure, which is only a fraction of the kinetic energy of the electron.

Optically manipulated nanomechanics of semiconductor nanowires Hot!

Chenzhi Song(宋晨之), Shize Yang(杨是赜), Xiaomin Li(李晓敏), Xiao Li(李晓), Ji Feng(冯济), Anlian Pan(潘安练), Wenlong Wang(王文龙), Zhi Xu(许智), Xuedong Bai(白雪冬)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (5): 054204 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/5/054204
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Opto-electromechanical coupling at the nanoscale is an important topic in new scientific studies and technical applications. In this work, the optically manipulated electromechanical behaviors of individual cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowires are investigated by a customer-built optical holder inside transmission electron microscope, wherein in situ electromechanical resonance took place in conjunction with photo excitation. It is found that the natural resonance frequency of the nanowire under illumination becomes considerably lower than that under darkness. This redshift effect is closely related to the wavelength of the applied light and the diameter of the nanowires. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation shows that the photoexcitation leads to the softening of CdS nanowires and thus the redshift of natural frequency, which is in agreement with the experimental results.

Isotope effect and Coriolis coupling effect forthe Li + H(D)Cl→LiCl + H(D) reaction Hot!

Hongsheng Zhai(翟红生), Guanglei Liang(梁广雷), Junxia Ding(丁俊霞), Yufang Liu(刘玉芳)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (5): 053401 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/5/053401
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A time-dependent quantum wave packet method is used to investigate the dynamics of the Li+ H(D)Cl reaction based on a new potential energy surface (J. Chem. Phys. 146 164305 (2017)). The reaction probabilities of the Coriolis coupled (CC) and centrifugal sudden (CS) calculations, the integral cross sections, the reaction rate constants are obtained. The rate constants of the Li+ HCl reaction are within the error bounds at low temperature. A comparison of the CC and CS results reveals that the Coriolis coupling plays an important role in the Li+ H(D)Cl reaction. The CC cross sections are larger than the CS results within the entire energy range, demonstrating that the Coriolis coupling effect can more effectively promote the Li+ DCl reaction than the Li+ HCl reaction. It is found that the isotope effect has a great influence on the title reaction.

Observing the steady-state visual evoked potentials with a compact quad-channel spin exchange relaxation-free magnetometer Hot!

Peng-Cheng Du(杜鹏程), Jian-Jun Li(李建军), Si-Jia Yang(杨思嘉), Xu-Tong Wang(王旭桐), Yan Zhuo(卓彦), Fan Wang(王帆), Ru-Quan Wang(王如泉)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (4): 040702 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/4/040702
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We observed the steady-state visually evoked potential (SSVEP) from a healthy subject using a compact quad-channel potassium spin exchange relaxation-free (SERF) optically pumped magnetometer (OPM). To this end, 30 s of data were collected, and SSVEP-related magnetic responses with signal intensity ranging from 150 fT to 300 fT were observed for all four channels. The corresponding signal to noise ratio (SNR) was in the range of 3.5-5.5. We then used different channels to operate the sensor as a gradiometer. In the specific case of detecting SSVEP, we noticed that the short channel separation distance led to a strongly diminished gradiometer signal. Although not optimal for the case of SSVEP detection, this set-up can prove to be highly useful for other magnetoencephalography (MEG) paradigms that require good noise cancellation. Considering its compactness, low cost, and good performance, the K-SERF sensor has great potential for biomagnetic field measurements and brain-computer interfaces (BCI).

Interaction of two symmetric monovacancy defects in graphene Hot!

Wen-Yan Xu(徐文焱), Li-Zhi Zhang(张礼智), Li Huang(黄立), Yan-De Que(阙炎德), Ye-Liang Wang(王业亮), Xiao Lin(林晓), Shi-Xuan Du(杜世萱)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (4): 046801 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/4/046801
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We investigate the interactions between two symmetric monovacancy defects in graphene grown on Ru (0001) after silicon intercalation by combining first-principles calculations with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). First-principles calculations based on free-standing graphene show that the interaction is weak and no scattering pattern is observed when the two vacancies are located in the same sublattice of graphene, no matter how close they are, except that they are next to each other. For the two vacancies in different sublattices of graphene, the interaction strongly influences the scattering and new patterns' emerge, which are determined by the distance between two vacancies. Further experiments on silicon intercalated graphene epitaxially grown on Ru (0001) shows that the experiment results are consistent with the simulated STM images based on free-standing graphene, suggesting that a single layer of silicon is good enough to decouple the strong interaction between graphene and the Ru (0001) substrate.

Entangled multi-knot lattice model of anyon current Hot!

Tieyan Si(司铁岩)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (4): 040501 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/4/040501
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We proposed an entangled multi-knot lattice model to explore the exotic statistics of anyons. Long-range coupling interaction is a fundamental character of this knot lattice model. The short-range coupling models, such as the Ising model, Hamiltonian model of quantum Hall effect, fermion pairing model, Kitaev honeycomb lattice model, and so on, are the short-range coupling cases of this knot lattice model. The long-range coupling knot lattice model bears Abelian and non-Abelian anyons, and shows integral and fractional filling states like the quantum Hall system. The fusion rules of anyons are explicitly demonstrated by braiding crossing states. The eigenstates of quantum models can be represented by a multi-layer link lattice pattern whose topology is characterized by the linking number. This topological linking number offers a new quantity to explain and predict physical phenomena in conventional quantum models. For example, a convection flow loop is introduced into the well-known Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer fermion pairing model to form a vortex dimer state that offers an explanation of the pseudogap state of unconventional superconductors, and predicts a fractionally filled vortex dimer state. The integrally and fractionally quantized Hall conductance in the conventional quantum Hall system has an exact correspondence with the linking number in this multi-knot lattice model. The real-space knot pattern in the topological insulator model has an equivalent correspondence with the Lissajous knot in momentum space. The quantum phase transition between different quantum states of the quantum spin model is also directly quantified by the change of topological linking number, which revealed the topological character of phase transition. Circularized photons in an optical fiber network are a promising physical implementation of this multi-knot lattice, and provide a different path to topological quantum computation.

Realization of low-energy type-Ⅱ Dirac fermions in (Ir1-xPtx)Te2 superconductors Hot!

Bin-Bin Fu(付彬彬), Chang-Jiang Yi(伊长江), Zhi-Jun Wang(王志俊), Meng Yang(杨萌), Bai-Qing Lv(吕佰晴), Xin Gao(高鑫), Man Li(李满), Yao-Bo Huang(黄耀波), Hong-Ming Weng(翁红明), You-Guo Shi(石友国), Tian Qian(钱天), Hong Ding(丁洪)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (3): 037103 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/3/037103
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Topological Dirac semimetals (DSMs) present a kind of topologically nontrivial quantum state of matter, which has massless Dirac fermions in the bulk and topologically protected states on certain surfaces. In superconducting DSMs, the effects of their nontrivial topology on superconducting pairing could realize topological superconductivity in the bulk or on the surface. As superconducting pairing takes place at the Fermi level EF, to make the effects possible, the Dirac points should lie in the vicinity of EF so that the topological electronic states can participate in the superconducting paring. Here, we show using angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy that in a series of (Ir1-xPtx)Te2 compounds, the type-Ⅱ Dirac points reside around EF in the superconducting region, in which the bulk superconductivity has a maximum Tc of~3 K. The realization of the coexistence of bulk superconductivity and low-energy Dirac fermions in (Ir1-xPtx)Te2 paves the way for studying the effects of the nontrivial topology in DSMs on the superconducting state.

Influence analysis of symmetry on capsule in six-cylinder-port hohlraum Hot!

You Zou(邹游), Wudi Zheng(郑无敌), Xin Li(李欣)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (3): 035203 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/3/035203
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We have investigated the flux symmetry on the capsule in a six-cylinder-port hohlraum for improving the design of the hohlraum. The influence factors of drive symmetry on the capsule in the hohlraum are studied, including laser power, laser beams arrangement, hohlraum geometric parameters, plasma condition, capsule convergence, etc. The x-ray radiation flux distribution on the capsule is obtained based on the three-dimensional view factor model. In the six-cylinder-port hohlraum, the main drive asymmetry is the C40 mode asymmetry. When the C40 mode asymmetry approaches zero, the drive symmetry on the capsule is optimal. Our results demonstrate that in order to have a high flux symmetry on the capsule in the laser main-pulse stage, more negative initial C40 modes are needed, which can be realized by adjusting the hohlraum geometry parameters. The hohlraum with column length LH=4.81 mm has an optimal symmetry in the laser main-pulse stage.

Phase transitions in bismuth under rapid compression Hot!

Dong-Liang Yang(杨栋亮), Jing Liu(刘景), Chuan-Long Lin(林传龙), Qiu-Min Jing(敬秋民), Yi Zhang(张毅), Yu Gong(宫宇), Yan-Chun Li(李延春), Xiao-Dong Li(李晓东)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (3): 036201 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/3/036201
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The structural phase transitions of bismuth under rapid compression has been investigated in a dynamic diamond anvil cell using time-resolved synchrotron x-ray diffraction. As the pressure increases, the transformations from phase I, to phase Ⅱ, to phase Ⅲ, and then to phase V have been observed under different compression rates at 300 K. Compared with static compression results, no new phase transition sequence appears under rapid compression at compression rate from 0.20 GPa/s to 183.8 GPa/s. However, during the process across the transition from phase Ⅲ to phase V, the volume fraction of product phase as a function of pressure can be well fitted by a compression-rate-dependent sigmoidal curve. The resulting parameters indicate that the activation energy related to this phase transition, as well as the onset transition pressure, shows a compression-rate-dependent performance. A strong dependence of over-pressurization on compression rate occurs under rapid compression. A formula for over-pressure has been proposed, which can be used to quantify the over-pressurization.

Phase diagram of interacting fermionic two-leg ladder with pair hopping Hot!

Wan-Li Liu(刘万里), Tian-Zhong Yuan(原天忠), Zhi Lin(林志), Wei Yan(闫伟)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (2): 020303 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/2/020303
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We study the phase diagram of the interacting fermionic two-leg ladder, which is featured by pair hopping and interactions of singlet and triplet superconducting channels. By using Abelian bosonization method, we obtain the full phase diagram of our model. The superconducting triplet pairing phase is characterized by a fractional edge spin and interpreted as two Kitaev chains under the mean filed approximation. The pair hopping will give rise to spin-density-wave (SDW) orders and can also support Majorana edge modes in spin channel. At half filling, the resulting Majorana-SDW phase shows additional fractionalization in charge channel, and can be interpreted as two Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) chains in the mean field regime.

Unusual tunability of multiferroicity in GdMn2O5 by electric field poling far above multiferroic ordering point Hot!

Xiang Li(李翔), Shuhan Zheng(郑书翰), Liman Tian(田礼漫), Rui Shi(石锐), Meifeng Liu(刘美风), Yunlong Xie(谢云龙), Lun Yang(杨伦), Nian Zhao(赵念), Lin Lin(林林), Zhibo Yan(颜志波), Xiuzhang Wang(王秀章), Junming Liu(刘俊明)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (2): 027502 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/2/027502
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The multiferroicity in the RMn2O5 family remains unclear, and less attention has been paid to its dependence on high-temperature (high-T) polarized configuration. Moreover, no consensus on the high-T space group symmetry has been reached so far. In view of this consideration, one may argue that the multiferroicity of RMn2O5 in the low-T range depends on the poling sequence starting far above the multiferroic ordering temperature. In this work, we investigate in detail the variation of magnetically induced electric polarization in GdMn2O5 and its dependence on electric field poling routine in the high-T range. It is revealed that the multiferroicity does exhibit qualitatively different behaviors if the high-T poling routine changes, indicating the close correlation with the possible high-T polarized state. These emergent phenomena may be qualitatively explained by the co-existence of two low-T polarization components, a scenario that was proposed earlier. One is the component associated with the Mn3+-Mn4+-Mn3+ exchange striction that seems to be tightly clamped by the high-T polarized state, and the other is the component associated with the Gd3+-Mn4+-Gd3+ exchange striction that is free of the clamping. The present findings may offer a different scheme for the electric control of the multiferroicity in RMn2O5.

Ultrasonic backscatter characterization of cancellous bone using a general Nakagami statistical model Hot!

Chengcheng Liu(刘成成), Rui Dong(东蕊), Boyi Li(李博艺), Ying Li(李颖), Feng Xu(徐峰), Dean Ta(他得安), Weiqi Wang(王威琪)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (2): 024302 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/2/024302
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The goal of this study is to analyze the statistics of the backscatter signal from bovine cancellous bone using a Nakagami model and to evaluate the feasibility of Nakagami-model parameters for cancellous bone characterization. Ultrasonic backscatter measurements were performed on 24 bovine cancellous bone specimens in vitro and the backscatter signals were compensated for the frequency-dependent attenuation prior to the envelope detection. The statistics of the backscatter envelope were modeled using the Nakagami distribution. Our results reveal that the backscatter envelope mainly followed pre-Rayleigh distributions, and the deviations of the backscatter envelope from Rayleigh distribution decreased with increasing bone density. The Nakagami shape parameter (i.e., m) was significantly correlated with bone densities (R=0.78-0.81, p<0.001) and trabecular microstructures (|R|=0.46-0.78, p<0.05). The scale parameter (i.e., Ω) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) also yielded significant correlations with bone density and structural features. Multiple linear regressions showed that bone volume fraction (BV/TV) was the main predictor of the Nakagami parameters, and microstructure produced significantly independent contribution to the prediction of Nakagami distribution parameters, explaining an additional 10.2% of the variance at most. The in vitro study showed that statistical parameters derived with Nakagami model might be useful for cancellous bone characterization, and statistical analysis has potential for ultrasonic backscatter bone evaluation.

Photoluminescence in fluorescent 4H-SiC single crystal adjusted by B, Al, and N ternary dopants Hot!

Shi-Yi Zhuo(卓世异), Xue-Chao Liu(刘学超), Wei Huang(黄维), Hai-Kuan Kong(孔海宽), Jun Xin(忻隽), Er-Wei Shi(施尔畏)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (1): 017101 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/1/017101
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This paper reports the sensitive effect of photoluminescence peak intensity and transmittance affected by B, Al, and N dopants in fluorescent 4H-SiC single crystals. The crystalline type, doping concentration, photoluminescence spectra, and transmission spectra were characterized at room temperature. It is found that the doped 4H-SiC single crystal emits a warm white light covering a wide range from 460 nm to 720 nm, and the transmittance increases from ~10% to ~60% with the fluctuation of B, Al, and N ternary dopants. With a parameter of CD-A, defined by B, Al, and N concentration, the photoluminescence and transmittance properties can be adjusted by optimal doping regulation.

Electronic synapses based on ultrathin quasi-two-dimensional gallium oxide memristor Hot!

Shuopei Wang(王硕培), Congli He(何聪丽), Jian Tang(汤建), Rong Yang(杨蓉), Dongxia Shi(时东霞), Guangyu Zhang(张广宇)
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28 (1): 017304 doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/1/017304
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Synapse emulation is very important for realizing neuromorphic computing, which could overcome the energy and throughput limitations of today's computing architectures. Memristors have been extensively studied for using in nonvolatile memory storage and neuromorphic computing. In this paper, we report the fabrication of vertical sandwiched memristor device using ultrathin quasi-two-dimensional gallium oxide produced by squeegee method. The as-fabricated two-terminal memristor device exhibited the essential functions of biological synapses, such as depression and potentiation of synaptic weight, transition from short time memory to long time memory, spike-timing-dependent plasticity, and spike-rate-dependent plasticity. The synaptic weight of the memristor could be tuned by the applied voltage pulse, number, width, and frequency. We believe that the injection of the top Ag cations should play a significant role for the memristor phenomenon. The ultrathin of medium layer represents an advance to integration in vertical direction for future applications and our results provide an alternative way to fabricate synaptic devices.

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