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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(6): 064205    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abd9b4

Graphene-tuned threshold gain to achieve optical pulling force on microparticle

Hong-Li Chen(陈鸿莉)1,† and Yang Huang(黄杨)2
1 School of Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China;
2 School of Science, Jiangsu Provincial Research Center of Light Industrial Optoelectronic Engineering and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
Abstract  We investigate optical force on a graphene-coated gain microparticle by adopting the Maxwell's stress tensor method. It is found that there exists a threshold gain in obtaining the Fano-profile optical force which indicates the reversal of optical pushing and pulling force. And giant pushing/pulling force can be achieved if the gain value of the material is in the proximity of the threshold gain. Our results show that the threshold gain is more sensitive to the relaxation time than to the Fermi energy of the graphene. We further study the optical force on larger microparticle to demonstrate the pulling force occurring at octupole resonance with small gain value and then it will appear at quadrupole resonance by increasing gain value. Our work provides an in-depth insight into the interaction between light and gain material and gives the additional degree of freedom to optical manipulation of microparticle.
Keywords:  pulling force      threshold gain      graphene      microparticle  
Received:  11 November 2020      Revised:  06 January 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  08 January 2021
PACS:  42.50.Wk (Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles)  
  42.60.Lh (Efficiency, stability, gain, and other operational parameters)  
  78.67.Wj (Optical properties of graphene)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11904184, 11847033, and 11704158) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. BK20170170).
Corresponding Authors:  Hong-Li Chen     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Hong-Li Chen(陈鸿莉) and Yang Huang(黄杨) Graphene-tuned threshold gain to achieve optical pulling force on microparticle 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 064205

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