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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(3): 030302    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/3/030302
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Two-step quantum secure direct communication scheme with frequency coding

Xue-Liang Zhao(赵学亮)1, Jun-Lin Li(李俊林)1, Peng-Hao Niu(牛鹏皓)1, Hong-Yang Ma(马鸿洋)2, Dong Ruan(阮东)1
1 Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2 School of Science, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266000, China
Abstract  

Quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) is an important branch of quantum cryptography. It can transmit secret information directly without establishing a key first, unlike quantum key distribution which requires this precursory event. Here we propose a QSDC scheme by applying the frequency coding technique to the two-step QSDC protocol, which enables the two-step QSDC protocol to work in a noisy environment. We have numerically simulated the performance of the protocol in a noisy channel, and the results show that the scheme is indeed robust against channel noise and loss. We also give an estimate of the channel noise upper bound.

Keywords:  quantum cryptography      quantum secure direct communication      frequency coding  
Received:  19 October 2016      Revised:  15 December 2016      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  03.67.Dd (Quantum cryptography and communication security)  
  03.67.Hk (Quantum communication)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11175094, 91221205, and 11547035) and the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921002).

Corresponding Authors:  Dong Ruan     E-mail:  dongruan@tsinghua.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Xue-Liang Zhao(赵学亮), Jun-Lin Li(李俊林), Peng-Hao Niu(牛鹏皓), Hong-Yang Ma(马鸿洋), Dong Ruan(阮东) Two-step quantum secure direct communication scheme with frequency coding 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 030302

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