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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(1): 018205    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/1/018205
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Fundamental physics research in lithium batteries
TOPICAL REVIEW—Fundamental physics research in lithium batteries Prev   Next  

Strategies to curb structural changes of lithium/transition metal oxide cathode materials & the changes' effects on thermal & cycling stability

Xiqian Yu(禹习谦), Enyuan Hu(胡恩源), Seongmin Bak,Yong-Ning Zhou(周永宁), Xiao-Qing Yang(杨晓青)
Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, NY 11973, USA
Abstract  

Structural transformation behaviors of several typical oxide cathode materials during a heating process are reviewed in detail to provide in-depth understanding of the key factors governing the thermal stability of these materials. We also discuss applying the information about heat induced structural evolution in the study of electrochemically induced structural changes. All these discussions are expected to provide valuable insights for designing oxide cathode materials with significantly improved structural stability for safe, long-life lithium ion batteries, as the safety of lithium-ion batteries is a critical issue; it is widely accepted that the thermal instability of the cathodes is one of the most critical factors in thermal runaway and related safety problems.

Keywords:  thermal stability      cathode      oxide      lithium ion batteries      safety  
Received:  14 May 2015      Revised:  04 June 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  82.47.Aa (Lithium-ion batteries)  
  81.05.Je (Ceramics and refractories (including borides, carbides, hydrides, nitrides, oxides, and silicides))  
  88.80.ff (Batteries)  
  68.60.Dv (Thermal stability; thermal effects)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies (Grant No. DE-SC0012704).

Corresponding Authors:  Xiao-Qing Yang     E-mail:  xyang@bnl.gov

Cite this article: 

Xiqian Yu(禹习谦), Enyuan Hu(胡恩源), Seongmin Bak,Yong-Ning Zhou(周永宁), Xiao-Qing Yang(杨晓青) Strategies to curb structural changes of lithium/transition metal oxide cathode materials & the changes' effects on thermal & cycling stability 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 018205

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