Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(8): 088102    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/8/088102

A superhigh discharge capacity induced by a synergetic effect between high-surface-area carbons and a carbon paper current collector in a lithium–oxygen battery

Luo Guang-Shenga b, Huang Shi-Tinga b, Zhao Ninga b, Cui Zhong-Huia, Guo Xiang-Xina
a State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China;
b University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

This paper invesitages the synergetic effect between high-surface-area carbons, such as Ketjan Black (KB) or Super P (SP) carbon materials, and low-surface-area carbon paper (CP) current collectors and it also examines their influence on the discharge performance of nonaqueous Li–O2 cells. Ultra-large specific discharge capacities are found in the KB/CP cathodes, which are much greater than those observed in the individual KB or CP cathodes. Detailed analysis indicates that such unexpectedly large capacities result from the synergetic effect between the two components. During the initial discharges of KB or SP materials, a large number of superoxide radical (O2·-) species in the electrolytes and Li2O2 nuclei at the CP surfaces are formed, which activate the CP current collectors to contribute considerable capacities. These results imply that CP could be a superior material for current collectors in terms of its contribution to the overall discharge capacity. On the other hand, we should be careful to calculate the specific capacities of the oxygen cathodes when using CP as a current collector; i.e., ignoring the contribution from the CP may cause overstated discharge capacities.

Keywords:  lithium–      oxygen batteries      high discharge capacity      carbon paper current collectors      large-surface carbon-based cathodes      synergetic effect  
Received:  27 January 2015      Revised:  13 February 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  81.05.U- (Carbon/carbon-based materials)  
  81.05.-t (Specific materials: fabrication, treatment, testing, and analysis)  
  88.80.ff (Batteries)  

Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KGZD-EW-202-2), the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2014CB921004), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1232111).

Corresponding Authors:  Guo Xiang-Xin     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Luo Guang-Sheng, Huang Shi-Ting, Zhao Ning, Cui Zhong-Hui, Guo Xiang-Xin A superhigh discharge capacity induced by a synergetic effect between high-surface-area carbons and a carbon paper current collector in a lithium–oxygen battery 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 088102

[1] Abraham K M and Jiang Z 1996 J. Electrochem. Soc. 143 1
[2] Bruce P G, Freunberger S A, Hardwick L J and Tarascon J M 2012 Nat. Mater. 11 19
[3] Liu Y L, Wang R, Lyu Y C, Li H and Chen L Q 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 677
[4] Dong S M, Wang S, Guan J, Li S M, Lan Z G, Chen C, Shang C Q, Zhang L X, Wang X G, Gu L, Cui G L and Chen L Q 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5 615
[5] Zheng H, Xiao D D, Li X, Liu Y L, Wu Y, Wang J P, Jiang K L, Chen C, Lu L, Wei X L, Hu Y S, Chen Q and Li H 2014 Nano Lett. 14 4245
[6] Yu P F, Cui Z H, Fan W G and Guo X X 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 038101
[7] Whittingham M S 2014 Chem. Rev. 114 11414
[8] Pan H L, Hu Y S, Li H and Chen L Q 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 118202
[9] Guo X X, Huang S T, Zhao N, Cui Z H, Fan W G, Li C L and Li H 2014 J. Inorg. Mater. 29 113 (in Chinese)
[10] Dong S M, Chen X, Zhang K J, Gu L, Zhang L X, Zhou X H, Li L F, Liu Z H, Han P X, Xu H X, Yao J H, Zhang C J, Zhang X Y, Shang C Q, Cui G L and Chen L Q 2011 Chem. Commun. 47 11291
[11] Zhou X S, Dai Z H, Liu S H, Bao J C and Guo Y G 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 3943
[12] Zhou X S, Bao J C, Dai Z H and Guo Y G 2013 J. Phys. Chem. C 117 25367
[13] Huang L X, Chen Y F, Li P J, Huan R, He J R, Wang Z G, Hao X, Liu J B, Zhang W L and Li Y R 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 156103 (in Chinese)
[14] Chen C, Ru Q, Hu S J, An B N and Song X 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 198201 (in Chinese)
[15] Xu S Y, Wu X Y, Li Y M, Hu Y S and Chen L Q 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 118202
[16] Christensen J, Albertus P, Sanchez-Carrera R S, Lohmann T, Kozinsky B, Liedtke R, Ahmed J and Kojic A 2012 J. Electrochem. Soc. 159 R1
[17] Shao Y Y, Ding F, Xiao J, Zhang J, Xu W, Park S, Zhang J G, Wang Y and Liu J 2013 Adv. Funct. Mater. 23 987
[18] McCloskey B D, Speidel A, Scheffler R, Miller D C, Viswanathan V, Hummelshoj J S, Norskov J K and Luntz A C 2012 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3 997
[19] Peng Z Q, Freunberger S A, Chen Y H and Bruce P G 2012 Science 337 563
[20] Meini S, Piana M, Beyer H, Schwämmlein J and Gasteiger H A 2012 J. Electrochem. Soc. 159 A2135
[21] Guo X X and Zhao N 2013 Adv. Energy Mater. 3 1413
[22] Jung H G, Hassoun J, Park J B, Sun Y K and Scrosati B 2012 Nat. Chem. 4 579
[23] Cui Z H and Guo X X 2014 J. Power Sources 267 20
[24] Xu J J, Wang Z L, Xu D, Zhang L L and Zhang X B 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2438
[25] Yang W, Salim J, Ma C, Ma Z H, Sun C W, Li J Q, Chen L Q and Kim Y 2013 Electrochem. Commun. 28 13
[26] Cui Z H, Fan W G and Guo X X 2013 J. Power Sources 235 251
[27] Fan W G, Cui Z H and Guo X X 2013 J. Phys. Chem. C 117 2623
[28] Xiao J, Mei D H, Li X L, Xu W, Wang D Y, Graff G L, Bennett W D, Nie Z M, Saraf L V, Aksay I A, Liu J and Zhang J G 2011 Nano Lett. 11 5071
[29] Wang L X, Ara M, Wadumesthrige K, Salley S and Ng K Y S 2013 J. Power Sources 234 8
[30] Lu Y C, Xu Z, Gasteiger H, Chen S, Hamad-Schifferli K and Yang S H 2010 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 12170
[31] Zhai D, Wang H H, Yang J, Lau K C, Li K, Amine K and Curtiss L A 2013 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135 15364
[32] Wu D F, Guo Z Y, Yin X B, Pang Q Q, Tu B B, Zhang L J, Wang Y G and Li Q W 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 3258
[33] Luo Z K, Liang C S, Wang F, Xu Y H, Chen J, Liu D, Sun H Y, Yang H and Fan X P 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 24 2101
[34] Hassoun J, Jung H G, Lee D J, Park J B, Amine K, Sun Y K and Scrosati B 2012 Nano Lett. 12 5775
[35] Xu L, Ma J, Li B H and Kang F Y 2014 J. Power Sources 255 187
[36] Geaney H, O'Connell J, Holmes J D and O'Dwyer C 2014 J. Electrochem. Soc. 161 A1964
[37] Huang S T, Fan W G, Guo X X, Meng F H and Liu X Y 2014 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6 21567
[38] Gowda S R, Brunet A, Wallraff G M and McCloskey B D 2013 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4 276
[39] Freunberger S A, Chen Y, Drewett N E, Hardwick L J, Bardé F and Bruce P G 2011 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50 8609
[40] Thotiyl M M O, Freunberger S A, Peng Z and Bruce P G 2013 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135 494
[41] Zhao N, Li C L and Guo X X 2014 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16 15646
[1] A review of experimental advances in twisted graphene moirè superlattice
Yanbang Chu(褚衍邦), Le Liu(刘乐), Yalong Yuan(袁亚龙), Cheng Shen(沈成), Rong Yang(杨蓉), Dongxia Shi(时东霞), Wei Yang(杨威), and Guangyu Zhang(张广宇). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(12): 128104.
[2] Raman and infrared spectra of complex low energy tetrahedral carbon allotropes from first-principles calculations
Hui Wang(王翚), Ze-Yu Zhang(张泽宇), Xiao-Wu Cai(蔡小五), Zi-Han Liu(刘子晗), Yong-Xiang Zhang(张永翔), Zhen-Long Lv(吕珍龙), Wei-Wei Ju(琚伟伟), Hui-Hui Liu(刘汇慧), Tong-Wei Li(李同伟), Gang Liu(刘钢), Hai-Sheng Li(李海生), Hai-Tao Yan(闫海涛), Min Feng(冯敏). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(9): 093601.
[3] A new sulfur-doped source and synergistic effect with nitrogen for carbon dots produced from glucose
Lige Fu(付丽歌), Yuehong Yin(殷月红), Guohua Cao(曹国华), Pingping Wu(武苹苹), Jian Wang(汪舰), Lingling Yan(闫玲玲), Baoqing Zhang(张宝庆), Ming Li(李明). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(12): 128102.
[4] Density functional calculations of efficient H2 separation from impurity gases (H2, N2, H2O, CO, Cl2, and CH4) via bilayer g-C3N4 membrane
Yuan Guo(郭源), Chunmei Tang(唐春梅), Xinbo Wang(王鑫波), Cheng Wang(王成), Ling Fu(付玲). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(4): 048102.
[5] Large magnetic moment at sheared ends of single-walled carbon nanotubes
Jian Zhang(张健), Ya Deng(邓娅), Ting-Ting Hao(郝婷婷), Xiao Hu(胡潇), Ya-Yun Liu(刘雅芸), Zhi-Sheng Peng(彭志盛), Jean Pierre Nshimiyimana, Xian-Nian Chi(池宪念), Pei Wu(武佩), Si-Yu Liu(刘思雨), Zhong Zhang(张忠), Jun-Jie Li(李俊杰), Gong-Tang Wang(王公堂), Wei-Guo Chu(褚卫国), Chang-Zhi Gu(顾长志), Lian-Feng Sun(孙连峰). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(12): 128101.
[6] Low-temperature green synthesis of boron carbide using aloe vera
H V SarithaDevi, M S Swapna, G Ambadas, S Sankararaman. Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(10): 107702.
[7] Structural and electrical properties of carbon-ion-implanted ultrananocrystalline diamond films
Hui Xu(徐辉), Jian-Jun Liu(刘建军), Hai-Tao Ye(叶海涛), D J Coathup, A V Khomich, Xiao-Jun Hu(胡晓君). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(9): 096104.
[8] Modulated thermal transport for flexural and in-plane phonons in double-stub graphene nanoribbons
Chang-Ning Pan(潘长宁), Meng-Qiu Long(龙孟秋), Jun He(何军). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(8): 088101.
[9] Free-standing, curled and partially reduced graphene oxide network as sulfur host for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries
Hui-Liang Chen(陈辉亮), Zhuo-Jian Xiao(肖卓建), Nan Zhang(张楠), Shi-Qi Xiao(肖仕奇), Xiao-Gang Xia(夏晓刚), Wei Xi(席薇), Yan-Chun Wang(王艳春), Wei-Ya Zhou(周维亚), Si-Shen Xie(解思深). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(6): 068101.
[10] Thermal conduction of one-dimensional carbon nanomaterials and nanoarchitectures
Haifei Zhan(占海飞), Yuantong Gu(顾元通). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(3): 038103.
[11] Directional mechanical and thermal properties of single-layer black phosphorus by classical molecular dynamics
Afira Maryam, Ghulam Abbas, Muhammad Rashid, Atif Sattar. Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(1): 017401.
[12] Electromechanical actuation of CNT/PVDF composite films based on a bridge configuration
Xiaogang Gu(谷孝刚), Xiaogang Xia(夏小刚), Nan Zhang(张楠), Zhuojian Xiao(肖卓建), Qingxia Fan(范庆霞), Feng Yang(杨丰), Shiqi Xiao(肖仕奇), Huiliang Chen(陈辉亮), Weiya Zhou(周维亚), Sishen Xie(解思深). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(7): 078101.
[13] Optical sensors based on the NiPc–CoPc composite films deposited by drop casting and under the action of centrifugal force
Noshin Fatima, Muhammad M Ahmed, Khasan S Karimov, Zubair Ahmad, Fahmi Fariq Muhammad. Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(6): 060704.
[14] Carbon-nanodot-coverage-dependent photocatalytic performance of carbon nanodot/TiO2 nanocomposites under visible light
Ming-Ye Sun(孙明烨), You-Jin Zheng(郑友进), Lei Zhang(张蕾), Li-Ping Zhao(赵立萍), Bing Zhang(张冰). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(5): 058101.
[15] Highly conductive and transparent carbon nanotube-based electrodes for ultrathin and stretchable organic solar cells
Qingxia Fan(范庆霞), Qiang Zhang(张强), Wenbin Zhou(周文斌), Feng Yang(杨丰), Nan Zhang(张楠), Shiqi Xiao(肖仕奇), Xiaogang Gu(谷孝刚), Zhuojian Xiao(肖卓建), Huiliang Chen(陈辉亮), Yanchun Wang(王艳春), Huaping Liu(刘华平), Weiya Zhou(周维亚). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(2): 028801.
No Suggested Reading articles found!