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Chin. Phys. B, 2014, Vol. 23(4): 046802    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/23/4/046802

Dynamic surface wettability of three-dimensional graphene foam

Huang Wen-Bina, Wang Guang-Longa, Gao Feng-Qia, Qiao Zhong-Taoa, Wang Gangb, Chen Min-Jiangb, Tao Lib, Deng Yab, Sun Lian-Fengb
a Institute of Nanotechnology and Microsystems, Mechanical Engineering College, Shijiazhuang 050003, China;
b National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, China
Abstract  In this work, three-dimensional graphene foams (GFs) are synthesized and characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The SEM images indicate that after the growth of graphene, the graphene covers the surface of nickel (Ni) foam uniformly. Raman spectra show that the percentages of monolayer, bilayer, trilayer, and multilayer graphenes are ~ 58%, ~ 32%, ~ 8%, and ~ 2%, respectively. The contact angle (CA) (~ 12°) of water droplet (3 μL) on GF is found to be larger than that on Ni foam (~ 107°), indicating that graphenes have changed the surface wettability of the Ni foam. Meanwhile, the dynamic characteristics of CA of water droplet on GF are different from those on Ni foam. The mechanisms for different behaviors are discussed, which are attributed to volatilization and seepage of water droplets.
Keywords:  graphene foam      CVD      surface wettability      contact angle  
Received:  21 August 2013      Revised:  09 October 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  68.08.De (Liquid-solid interface structure: measurements and simulations)  
  68.35.Ja (Surface and interface dynamics and vibrations)  
  81.15.Gh (Chemical vapor deposition (including plasma-enhanced CVD, MOCVD, ALD, etc.))  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 10774032 and 90921001) and the Key Knowledge InnovationProject of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on Water Science Research, Instrument DevelopingProject of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. Y2010031).
Corresponding Authors:  Sun Lian-Feng     E-mail:
About author:  68.08.De; 68.35.Ja; 81.15.Gh

Cite this article: 

Huang Wen-Bin, Wang Guang-Long, Gao Feng-Qi, Qiao Zhong-Tao, Wang Gang, Chen Min-Jiang, Tao Li, Deng Ya, Sun Lian-Feng Dynamic surface wettability of three-dimensional graphene foam 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 046802

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