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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(3): 037403    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac3ba8

On the origin of the anomalous sign reversal in the Hall effect in Nb thin films

Dan Zhou(周丹)1, Han-Song Zeng(曾寒松)1, Rujun Tang(汤如俊)1,†, Zhihong Hang(杭志宏)1, Zhiwei Hu(胡志伟)2, Zixi Pei(裴子玺)2, and Xinsheng Ling(凌新生)3,‡
1 Institute for Advanced Study School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China;
2 Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 Department of Physics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Abstract  We re-visit the anomalous sign reversal problem in the Hall effect of the sputtered Nb thin films. We find that the anomalous sign reversal in the Hall effect is extremely sensitive to a small tilting of the magnetic field and to the magnitude of the applied current. Large anomalous variations are also observed in the symmetric part of the transverse resistance Rxy. We suggest that the surface current loops on superconducting grains at the edges of the superconducting thin films may be responsible for the Hall sign reversal and the accompanying anomalous effects in the symmetric part of Rxy.
Keywords:  anomalous sign reversal      Hall effect      edge supercurrents      Aharonov—Bohm effect  
Received:  21 August 2021      Revised:  29 October 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  20 November 2021
PACS:  74.25.Op (Mixed states, critical fields, and surface sheaths)  
Fund: We are grateful to Professor X. G. Qiu for providing the Nb thin film samples. X. S. L. wishes to thank Professors P. Ao, D. E. Prober and J. Ye for helpful discussions and comments. This work was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51772200) (PI:R. J. Tang).
Corresponding Authors:  Rujun Tang, Xinsheng Ling     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Dan Zhou(周丹), Han-Song Zeng(曾寒松), Rujun Tang(汤如俊), Zhihong Hang(杭志宏), Zhiwei Hu(胡志伟), Zixi Pei(裴子玺), and Xinsheng Ling(凌新生) On the origin of the anomalous sign reversal in the Hall effect in Nb thin films 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 037403

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