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Chin. Phys. B, 2019, Vol. 28(1): 013301    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/1/013301

Novel infrared differential optical absorption spectroscopy remote sensing system to measure carbon dioxide emission

Ru-Wen Wang(王汝雯)1,2, Pin-Hua Xie(谢品华)1,2,3, Jin Xu(徐晋)1, Ang Li(李昂)1
1 Key Laboratory of Environmental Optics and Technology, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China;
2 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
3 CAS Center for Excellence in Urban Atmospheric Environment, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China

A CO2 infrared remote sensing system based on the algorithm of weighting function modified differential optical absorption spectroscopy (WFM-DOAS) is developed for measuring CO2 emissions from pollution sources. The system is composed of a spectrometer with band from 900 nm to 1700 nm, a telescope with a field of view of 1.12°, a silica optical fiber, an automatic position adjuster, and the data acquisition and processing module. The performance is discussed, including the electronic noise of the charge-coupled device (CCD), the spectral shift, and detection limits. The resolution of the spectrometer is 0.4 nm, the detection limit is 8.5×1020 molecules·cm-2, and the relative retrieval error is < 1.5%. On May 26, 2018, a field experiment was performed to measure CO2 emissions from the Feng-tai power plant, and a two-dimensional distribution of CO2 from the plume was obtained. The retrieved differential slant column densities (dSCDs) of CO2 are around 2×1021 molecules·cm-2 in the unpolluted areas, 5.5×1021 molecules·cm-2 in the plume locations most strongly affected by local CO2 emissions, and the fitting error is less than 2×1020 molecules·cm-2, which proves that the infrared remote sensing system has the characteristics of fast response and high precision, suitable for measuring CO2 emission from the sources.

Keywords:  weighting function modified differential optical absorption spectroscopy (WFM-DOAS)      infrared      instrument      CO2 emission sources  
Received:  18 September 2018      Revised:  18 October 2018      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  33.20.Ea (Infrared spectra)  
  07.88.+y (Instruments for environmental pollution measurements)  
  42.87.-d (Optical testing techniques)  
  42.72.Ai (Infrared sources)  

Project supported by the Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41530644).

Corresponding Authors:  Pin-Hua Xie, Jin Xu     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Ru-Wen Wang(王汝雯), Pin-Hua Xie(谢品华), Jin Xu(徐晋), Ang Li(李昂) Novel infrared differential optical absorption spectroscopy remote sensing system to measure carbon dioxide emission 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 013301

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