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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(4): 045101    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/4/045101

Initiation of vacuum breakdown and failure mechanism of the carbon nanotube during thermal field emission

Dan Cai(蔡丹)1, Lie Liu(刘列)1, Jin-Chuan Ju(巨金川)1, Xue-Long Zhao(赵雪龙)1, Hong-Yu Zhou(周泓宇)1, Xiao Wang(王潇)2
1 College of Optoelectric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China;
2 78010 PLA Troops, Chengdu 610000, China
Abstract  The carbon nanotube (CNT)-based materials can be used as vacuum device cathodes. Owing to the excellent field emission properties of CNT, it has great potentials in the applications of an explosive field emission cathode. The falling off of CNT from the substrate, which frequently appears in experiments, restricts its application. In addition, the onset time of vacuum breakdown limits the performance of the high-power explosive-emission-cathode-based diode. In this paper, the characteristics of the CNT, electric field strength, contact resistance and the kind of substrate material are varied to study the parameter effects on the onset time of vacuum breakdown and failure mechanism of the CNT by using the finite element method.
Keywords:  carbon nanotube      thermal field electron emission      vacuum breakdown      failure mechanism  
Received:  19 September 2015      Revised:  28 October 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  51.50.+v (Electrical properties)  
  44.05.+e (Analytical and numerical techniques)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11305263 and 61401484).
Corresponding Authors:  Dan Cai     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Dan Cai(蔡丹), Lie Liu(刘列), Jin-Chuan Ju(巨金川), Xue-Long Zhao(赵雪龙), Hong-Yu Zhou(周泓宇), Xiao Wang(王潇) Initiation of vacuum breakdown and failure mechanism of the carbon nanotube during thermal field emission 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 045101

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