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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(12): 127801    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac9608
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — The third carbon: Carbyne with one-dimensional sp-carbon
TOPICAL REVIEW—The third carbon: Carbyne with one-dimensional sp-carbon Prev   Next  

Raman spectroscopy of isolated carbyne chains confined in carbon nanotubes: Progress and prospects

Johannes M. A. Lechner, Pablo Hernández López, and Sebastian Heeg
Institut für Physik and IRIS Adlershof, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, 12489 Berlin, Germany
Abstract  Carbyne is an infinitely long linear chain of carbon atoms with sp1 hybridization and the truly one-dimensional allotrope of carbon. While obtaining freestanding carbyne is still an open challenge, the study of confined carbyne, linear chains of carbon encapsulated in carbon nanotubes, provides a pathway to explore carbyne and its remarkable properties in a well-defined environment. In this review, we discuss the basics and recent advances in studying single confined carbyne chains by Raman spectroscopy, which is their primary spectroscopic characterization method. We highlight where single carbyne chain studies are needed to advance our understanding of confined carbyne as a material system and provide an overview of the open questions that need to be addressed and of those aspects currently under debate.
Keywords:  carbyne      linear carbon chains      carbon nanotubes      Raman spectroscopy  
Received:  01 July 2022      Revised:  22 September 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  29 September 2022
PACS:  78.67.Ch (Nanotubes)  
  78.67.Uh (Nanowires)  
Fund: Johannes M. A. Lechner, Pablo Hernandez López, and Sebastian Heeg acknowledge funding from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) under the Emmy Noether Initiative (HE 8642/1-1).
Corresponding Authors:  Sebastian Heeg     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Johannes M. A. Lechner, Pablo Hernández López, and Sebastian Heeg Raman spectroscopy of isolated carbyne chains confined in carbon nanotubes: Progress and prospects 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 127801

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