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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(12): 125201    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac833f
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — The third carbon: Carbyne with one-dimensional sp-carbon
TOPICAL REVIEW—The third carbon: Carbyne with one-dimensional sp-carbon Prev   Next  

A review of arc-discharge method towards large-scale preparation of long linear carbon chains

Yi-Fan Zhang(张一帆)
Huzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Functional Materials and Pollution Control, School of Engineering, Huzhou University, Huzhou 313000, China
Abstract  Linear carbon chains as new one-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials attract attention for the predicted outstanding properties. However, the high reactivity of linear carbon chains hampers further experimental research. To date, different methods have been developed to synthesize new materials containing linear carbon chains. Among them, the arc-discharge method is a practical way to prepare both finite and infinite linear carbon chains. This review provides a brief discussion of the recent progress in the techniques to prepare carbon chain-based materials and then focuses on the arc-discharge method. The configuration of apparatus, optimal conditions, and the corresponding mechanism of arc-discharge method to prepare long linear carbon chain inside multi-walled carbon nanotubes are summarized in detail. The characterization techniques are introduced to evaluate the quality of products. Moreover, remaining challenges and perspectives are presented for further investigation of long linear carbon chains.
Keywords:  linear carbon chain      carbyne      carbon nanotube      arc-discharge method  
Received:  15 May 2022      Revised:  20 July 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  22 July 2022
PACS:  52.80.Vp (Discharge in vacuum)  
  61.46.-w (Structure of nanoscale materials)  
Fund: Project supported by the Fund from the Huzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Functional Materials and Pollution Control at Huzhou University.
Corresponding Authors:  Yi-Fan Zhang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Yi-Fan Zhang(张一帆) A review of arc-discharge method towards large-scale preparation of long linear carbon chains 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 125201

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