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Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(1): 017801    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/1/017801
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Fundamental physics research in lithium batteries
TOPICAL REVIEW—Fundamental physics research in lithium batteries Prev   Next  

Electrochromic & magnetic properties of electrode materials for lithium ion batteries

Zheng-Fei Guo(郭正飞), Kun Pan(潘坤), Xue-Jin Wang(王学进)
Department of Applied Physics, College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China

Progress in electrochromic lithium ion batteries (LIBs) is reviewed, highlighting advances and possible research directions. Methods for using the LIB electrode materials' magnetic properties are also described, using several examples. Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) film is discussed as an electrochromic material and insertion compound. The opto-electrical properties of the LTO film have been characterized by electrical measurements and UV-Vis spectra. A prototype bi-functional electrochromic LIB, incorporating LTO as both electrochromic layer and anode, has also been characterized by charge-discharge measurements and UV-Vis transmittance. The results show that the bi-functional electrochromic LIB prototype works well. Magnetic measurement has proven to be a powerful tool to evaluate the quality of electrode materials. We introduce briefly the magnetism of solids in general, and then discuss the magnetic characteristics of layered oxides, spinel oxides, olivine phosphate LiFePO4, and Nasicon-type Li3Fe2(PO4)3. We also discuss what kind of impurities can be detected, which will guide us to fabricate high quality films and high performance devices.

Keywords:  electrochromism      lithium ion batteries      magnetic properties      materials  
Received:  15 May 2015      Revised:  30 June 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  78.20.Jq (Electro-optical effects)  
  82.47.Aa (Lithium-ion batteries)  
  75.30.-m (Intrinsic properties of magnetically ordered materials)  
  81.05.Mh (Cermets, ceramic and refractory composites)  

Project supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2015AA034201) and the Chinese Universities Scientific Fund (Grant No. 2015LX002).

Corresponding Authors:  Xue-Jin Wang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zheng-Fei Guo(郭正飞), Kun Pan(潘坤), Xue-Jin Wang(王学进) Electrochromic & magnetic properties of electrode materials for lithium ion batteries 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 017801

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