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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(11): 115203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/11/115203

Production of intense attosecond vector beam pulse trains based on harmonics

Han Yu-Jing (韩玉晶)a b, Liao Guo-Qian (廖国前)a, Chen Li-Ming (陈黎明)a c, Li Yu-Tong (李玉同)a c, Wang Wei-Min (王伟民)a c, Zhang Jie (张杰)c d
a Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190, China;
b Department of Physics, Heze University, Heze 274015, China;
c IFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
d Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Abstract  We provide the first report on the harmonics generated by an intense femtosecond vector beam that is normally incident on a solid target. By using 2D particle-in-cell (PIC) codes, we observe the third and the fifth harmonic signals with the same vector structure as the driving beam, and obtain an attosecond vector beam pulse train. We also show that the conversion efficiencies of the third and the fifth harmonics reach their maxima for a plasma density of four times the critical density due to the plasma resonating with the driving force. This method provides a new means of generating intense extreme ultraviolet (XUV) vector beams via ultra-intense laser-driven harmonics.
Keywords:  singular optics      laser plasma      harmonics  
Received:  14 June 2015      Revised:  17 July 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  52.35.Mw (Nonlinear phenomena: waves, wave propagation, and other interactions (including parametric effects, mode coupling, ponderomotive effects, etc.))  
  42.65.Ky (Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation)  
  42.65.Re (Ultrafast processes; optical pulse generation and pulse compression)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2013CBA01501 and 2013CBA01504), the National Key Scientific Instrument and Equipment Development Project of China (Grant No. 2012YQ120047), Chinese Academy of Science Key Program, the National Natural Science of China (Grant Nos. 11135012 and 11375262), and the Project of Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program, China (Grant No. J11LA52).
Corresponding Authors:  Chen Li-Ming     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Han Yu-Jing (韩玉晶), Liao Guo-Qian (廖国前), Chen Li-Ming (陈黎明), Li Yu-Tong (李玉同), Wang Wei-Min (王伟民), Zhang Jie (张杰) Production of intense attosecond vector beam pulse trains based on harmonics 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 115203

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