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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(10): 108101    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/10/108101

Controllable synthesis, characterization, and growth mechanism of hollow ZnxCd1-xS spheres generated by a one-step thermal evaporation method

Yang Zai-Xing (杨再兴)a c, Zhong Wei (钟伟)a, Au Chak-Tong (區澤棠)b, Du You-Wei (都有为)a
a Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
b Chemistry Department, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China;
c Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Abstract  Novel hollow ZnxCd1-xS spheres that are uniform in size are synthesized through the one-step thermal evaporation of a mixture of Zn and CdS powder. From an X-ray diffraction (XRD) study, the hexagonal wurtzite phase of ZnxCd1-xS is verified, and the Zn mole fraction (x) is determined to be 0.09. According to the experimental results, we propose a mechanism for the growth of Zn0.09Cd0.91S hollow spheres. The results of the cathodoluminescence investigation indicate uniform Zn, Cd, and S distribution of alloyed Zn0.09Cd0.91S, instead of separate CdS, ZnS, or nanocrystals of a core-shell structure. To the best of our knowledge, the fabrication of ZnxCd1-xS hollow spheres of this kind by one-step thermal evaporation has never been reported. This work would present a new method of growing and applying hollow spheres on Si substrates, and the discovery of the Zn0.09Cd0.91S hollow spheres would make the investigation of ZnxCd1-xS micro/nanostructures more interesting and intriguing.
Keywords:  ZnxCd1-xS      hollow spheres      semiconductors      vapour deposition      growth mechanism  
Received:  26 November 2012      Revised:  31 March 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  81.05.Dz (II-VI semiconductors)  
  81.07.-b (Nanoscale materials and structures: fabrication and characterization)  
  81.10.Bk (Growth from vapor)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11174132), the National Key Project for Basic Research of China (Grant Nos. 2011CB922102 and 2012CB932304), and the Science Fund from the National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, China (Grant No. 2010ZZ18).
Corresponding Authors:  Yang Zai-Xing     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Yang Zai-Xing (杨再兴), Zhong Wei (钟伟), Au Chak-Tong (區澤棠), Du You-Wei (都有为) Controllable synthesis, characterization, and growth mechanism of hollow ZnxCd1-xS spheres generated by a one-step thermal evaporation method 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 108101

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