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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(10): 100304    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac89de
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Celebrating 30 Years of Chinese Physics B
TOPICAL REVIEW—Celebrating 30 Years of Chinese Physics B Prev   Next  

Quantum simulation and quantum computation of noisy-intermediate scale

Kai Xu(许凯)1,2,3,4,5,†, and Heng Fan(范桁)1,2,3,4,5,‡
1. Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2. Beijing Academy of Quantum Information Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3. School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
4. CAS Center of Excellence in Topological Quantum Computation, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
5. Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Abstract  In the past years, great progresses have been made on quantum computation and quantum simulation. Increasing the number of qubits in the quantum processors is expected to be one of the main motivations in the next years, while noises in manipulation of quantum states may still be inevitable even the precision will improve. For research in this direction, it is necessary to review the available results about noisy multiqubit quantum computation and quantum simulation. The review focuses on multiqubit state generations, quantum computational advantage, and simulating physics of quantum many-body systems. Perspectives of near term noisy intermediate-quantum processors will be discussed.
Keywords:  quantum computation      quantum simulation      many-body physics      quantum supremacy      noisy intermediate-scale quantum technologies  
Received:  13 June 2022      Revised:  12 August 2022      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  03.67.-a (Quantum information)  
  03.67.Bg (Entanglement production and manipulation)  
  03.67.Lx (Quantum computation architectures and implementations)  
Fund: This work is supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11934018, T2121001, 11904393, and 92065114), the CAS Strategic Priority Research Program (Grant No. XDB28000000), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. Z200009), and Scientific Instrument Developing Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. YJKYYQ20200041).
Corresponding Authors:  Kai Xu, Heng Fan     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Kai Xu(许凯), and Heng Fan(范桁) Quantum simulation and quantum computation of noisy-intermediate scale 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 100304

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