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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(12): 123701    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/12/123701
ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS Prev   Next  

Enhancement of signal-to-noise ratio of ultracold polar NaCs molecular spectra by phase locking detection

Wenhao Wang(王文浩)1, Wenliang Liu(刘文良)1, Jizhou Wu(武寄洲)1,2, Yuqing Li(李玉清)1,2, Xiaofeng Wang(王晓锋)1, Yanyan Liu(刘艳艳)1, Jie Ma(马杰)1,2, Liantuan Xiao(肖连团)1,2, Suotang Jia(贾锁堂)1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Institute of Laser Spectroscopy, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China;
2. Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
Abstract  

We report a method of high-sensitively detecting the weak signal in photoassociation (PA) spectra of ultracold NaCs molecules by phase sensitive-demodulated trap-loss spectra of Na atoms from a photomultiplier tube. We find that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the PA spectra is strongly dependent on the integration time and the sensitivity of the lock-in amplifier, and our results show reasonable agreement with the theoretical analyses of the SNR with the demodulation parameters. Meanwhile, we investigate the effect of the interaction time of the PA laser with the colliding Na-Cs atom pairs on the SNR of the PA spectra. The atom loss rate is dependent on both the PA-induced atom loss and the loading of the MOT. The high-sensitive detection of the excited ultracold NaCs molecules lays a solid foundation for further study of the formation and application of ultracold NaCs molecules.

Keywords:  ultracold NaCs molecules      photoassociation      high-resolution spectroscopy      signal-to-noise ratio  
Received:  27 September 2017      Revised:  23 October 2017      Published:  05 December 2017
PACS:  37.10.Pq (Trapping of molecules)  
  33.15.Mt (Rotation, vibration, and vibration-rotation constants)  
  33.80.Wz (Other multiphoton processes)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFA0304203), the ChangJiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in the University of the Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. IRT13076), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91436108, 61378014, 61675121, 61705123, and 61722507), the Fund for Shanxi "1331 Project" Key Subjects Construction, China, and the Foundation for Outstanding Young Scholars of Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 201601D021001).

Corresponding Authors:  Jizhou Wu     E-mail:  wujz@sxu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Wenhao Wang(王文浩), Wenliang Liu(刘文良), Jizhou Wu(武寄洲), Yuqing Li(李玉清), Xiaofeng Wang(王晓锋), Yanyan Liu(刘艳艳), Jie Ma(马杰), Liantuan Xiao(肖连团), Suotang Jia(贾锁堂) Enhancement of signal-to-noise ratio of ultracold polar NaCs molecular spectra by phase locking detection 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 123701

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