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Chin. Phys. B, 2012, Vol. 21(2): 024211    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/21/2/024211
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Equilateral pentagon polarization maintaining photonic crystal fibre with low nonlinearity

Yang Han-Rui,Li Xu-You,Hong Wei,Hao Jin-Hui
Automation College, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
Abstract  A new pentagon polarization maintaining photonic crystal fibre with low nonlinearity is introduced. The full vector finite element method was used to investigate the distribution and the effective area of modal field, the nonlinear properties, the effective indices of two orthogonal polarization modes and the birefringence of the new PM-PCF effectively. It is found that the birefringence of the new polarization maintaining photonic crystal fibre can easily achieve the order of 10-4, and it can obtain higher birefringence, larger effectively mode-field area and lower nonlinearity than traditional hexagonal polarization maintaining photonic crystal fibre with the same hole pitch, same hole diameter, and same ring number. It is important for sensing and communication applications, especially has potential application for fibre optical gyroscope.
Keywords:  photonic crystal fibres      fibre optical gyroscope      birefringence      nonlinearity  
Received:  15 June 2011      Revised:  24 July 2011      Published:  30 January 2012
PACS:  42.81.-i (Fiber optics)  
  42.81.Gs (Birefringence, polarization)  
  47.11.Fg (Finite element methods)  
Fund: Project supported by the Specific Scientific and Technological Cooperation between China and Russia (Grant No. 2010DFR80140).
Corresponding Authors:  Yang Han-Rui,     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Yang Han-Rui,Li Xu-You,Hong Wei,Hao Jin-Hui Equilateral pentagon polarization maintaining photonic crystal fibre with low nonlinearity 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 024211

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