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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(8): 084202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab942c

Synthesis of new silicene structure and its energy band properties

Wei-Qi Huang(黄伟其)1,2, Shi-Rong Liu(刘世荣)3, Hong-Yan Peng(彭鸿雁)1, Xin Li(李鑫)2, Zhong-Mei Huang(黄忠梅)2
1 Department of Physics, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China;
2 Institute of Nanophotonic Physics, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China;
3 State Key Laboratory of Environment Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550003, China
Abstract  Silicene, silicon analogue to graphene which possesses a two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal lattice, has attracted increasing attention in the last few years due to predicted unique properties. However, silicon naturally possesses a three-dimensional (3D) diamond structure, so there seems to be not any natural solid phase of silicon similar to graphite. Here we report the synthesis of new silicene structure with a unique rectangular lattice by using a coherent electron beam to irradiate amorphous silicon nanofilm produced by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Under the irradiation of coherent electron beam with proper kinetic energy, the surface layer of silicon nanofilm can be crystallized into silicene. The dynamic stability and the energy band properties of this new silicene structure are investigated by using first-principle calculations and density function theory (DFT) with the help of the observed crystalline structure and lattice constant. The new silicene structure has a real direct bandgap of 0.78 eV. Interestingly, the simulating calculation shows that the convex bond angle is 118° in the new silicene structure with rectangular lattices. The DFT simulations reveal that this new silicene structure has a Dirac-cone-like energy band. The experimental realization of silicene and the theoretically predicted properties shed light on the silicon material with potential applications in new devices.
Keywords:  silicene      nanofilm      irradiation of coherent electron beam      pulsed laser deposition      Dirac cone  
Received:  19 March 2020      Revised:  11 April 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.55.-f (Lasers)  
  68.65.Hb (Quantum dots (patterned in quantum wells))  
  78.45.+h (Stimulated emission)  
Fund: Project supported by the Science and Technology Program of Guizhou Province, China (Grant Nos.[2018]5781 and[2020]1Y022), the Open Project of State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (Grant No. KF201903), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11847084).
Corresponding Authors:  Wei-Qi Huang, Wei-Qi Huang     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Wei-Qi Huang(黄伟其), Shi-Rong Liu(刘世荣), Hong-Yan Peng(彭鸿雁), Xin Li(李鑫), Zhong-Mei Huang(黄忠梅) Synthesis of new silicene structure and its energy band properties 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 084202

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