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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(6): 065204    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/6/065204

Modeling and optimization of the multichannel spark discharge

Zhi-Bo Zhang(张志波)1, Yun Wu(吴云)1,2, Min Jia(贾敏)1, Hui-Min Song(宋慧敏)1, Zheng-Zhong Sun(孙正中)3, Ying-Hong Li(李应红)1
1 Science and Technology on Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710038, China;
2 Science and Technology on Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China;
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, City University London, London, United Kingdom

This paper reports a novel analytic model of this multichannel spark discharge, considering the delay time in the breakdown process, the electric transforming of the discharge channel from a capacitor to a resistor induced by the air breakdown, and the varying plasma resistance in the discharge process. The good agreement between the experimental and the simulated results validated the accuracy of this model. Based on this model, the influence of the circuit parameters on the maximum discharge channel number (MDCN) is investigated. Both the input voltage amplitude and the breakdown voltage threshold of each discharge channel play a critical role. With the increase of the input voltage and the decrease of the breakdown voltage, the MCDN increases almost linearly. With the increase of the discharge capacitance, the MDCN first rises and then remains almost constant. With the increase of the circuit inductance, the MDCN increases slowly but decreases quickly when the inductance increases over a certain value. There is an optimal value of the capacitor connected to the discharge channel corresponding to the MDCN. Finally, based on these results, to shorten the discharge time, a modified multichannel discharge circuit is developed and validated by the experiment. With only 6-kV input voltage, 31-channels discharge is achieved. The breakdown voltage of each electrode gap is larger than 3 kV. The modified discharge circuit is certain to be widely used in the PSJA flow control field.

Keywords:  multichannel discharge circuit      circuit model      PSJA array      plasma flow control  
Received:  13 December 2016      Revised:  19 February 2017      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  52.50.Dg (Plasma sources)  
  52.30.-q (Plasma dynamics and flow)  
  52.80.Mg (Arcs; sparks; lightning; atmospheric electricity)  
  47.85.L- (Flow control)  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51336011, 51522606, 91541120, 51611130198, 51407197, and 11472306) and Royal Society (Grant No. IE150612).

Corresponding Authors:  Yun Wu     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zhi-Bo Zhang(张志波), Yun Wu(吴云), Min Jia(贾敏), Hui-Min Song(宋慧敏), Zheng-Zhong Sun(孙正中), Ying-Hong Li(李应红) Modeling and optimization of the multichannel spark discharge 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 065204

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