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Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(4): 040601    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac9361

Precision measurement and suppression of low-frequency noise in a current source with double-resonance alignment magnetometers

Jintao Zheng(郑锦韬)1,2, Yang Zhang(张洋)1,2, Zaiyang Yu(鱼在洋)1,2,3, Zhiqiang Xiong(熊志强)1,2, Hui Luo(罗晖)1,2, and Zhiguo Wang(汪之国)1,2,†
1 College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China;
2 Hunan Key Laboratory of Mechanism and Technology of Quantum Information, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China;
3 School of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710049, China
Abstract  Low-noise high-stability current sources have essential applications such as neutron electric dipole moment measurement and high-stability magnetometers. Previous studies mainly focused on frequency noise above 0.1 Hz while less on the low-frequency noise/drift. We use double resonance alignment magnetometers (DRAMs) to measure and suppress the low-frequency noise of a homemade current source (CS) board. The CS board noise level is suppressed by about 10 times in the range of 0.001-0.1 Hz and is reduced to $100 \mathrm{nA/}\sqrt {\mathrm{Hz}} $ at 0.001 Hz. The relative stability of CS board can reach $2.2\times {10}^{-8}$. In addition, the DRAM shows a better resolution and accuracy than a commercial 7.5-digit multimeter when measuring our homemade CS board. Further, by combining the DRAM with a double resonance orientation magnetometer, we may realize a low-noise CS in the 0.001-1000 Hz range.
Keywords:  precision measurement      current noise suppression      low frequency      double-resonance alignment magnetometer  
Received:  05 July 2022      Revised:  08 September 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  21 September 2022
PACS:  06.20.fb (Standards and calibration)  
  06.30.Ka (Basic electromagnetic quantities)  
  07.55.Jg (Magnetometers for susceptibility, magnetic moment, and magnetization measurements)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12174446 and 61671458).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhiguo Wang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Jintao Zheng(郑锦韬), Yang Zhang(张洋), Zaiyang Yu(鱼在洋),Zhiqiang Xiong(熊志强), Hui Luo(罗晖), and Zhiguo Wang(汪之国) Precision measurement and suppression of low-frequency noise in a current source with double-resonance alignment magnetometers 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 040601

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