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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(9): 098503    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abea8e

Design and optimization of a nano-antenna hybrid structure for solar energy harvesting application

Mohammad Javad Rabienejhad1, Mahdi Davoudi-Darareh2, and Azardokht Mazaheri3,†
1 Optics and Laser Science and Technology Research Center, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Shahinshahr, Iran;
2 Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Shahinshahr, Iran;
3 Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Iran
Abstract  A novel hybrid structure with high responsivity and efficiency is proposed based on an L-shaped frame nano-antenna (LSFNA) array for solar energy harvesting application. So, two types of LSFNAs are designed and optimized to enhance the harvesting characteristics of traditional simple electric dipole nano-antenna (SEDNA). The LSFNA geometrical dimensions are optimized to have the best values for the required input impedance at three resonance wavelengths of λres = 10 μm, 15 μm, and 20 μm. Then the LSFNAs with three different sizes are modeled like a planar spiral-shaped array (PSSA). Also, a fractal bowtie nano-antenna is connected with the PSSA in the array gap. This proposed hybrid structure consists of two main elements: (I) Three different sizes of the LSFNAs with two different material types are designed based on the thin-film metal-insulator-metal diodes that are a proper method for infrared energy harvesting. (Ⅱ) The PSSA gap is designed based on the electron field emission proposed by the Fowler-Nordheim theory for the array rectification. Finally, the proposed device is analyzed. The results show that the PSSA not only has an averaged 3-time enhancement in the harvesting characteristics (such as return loss, harvesting efficiency, etc.) than the previously proposed structures but also is a multi-resonance wide-band device. Furthermore, the proposed antenna takes up less space in the electronic circuit and has an easy implementation process.
Keywords:  field electron emission      infrared      metal-insulator-metal (MIM) diode      nano-antenna      photovoltaic effects      rectification      solar energy harvesting  
Received:  18 December 2020      Revised:  22 January 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  01 March 2021
PACS:  85.45.Db (Field emitters and arrays, cold electron emitters)  
  84.40.Ba (Antennas: theory, components and accessories)  
  73.40.Ei (Rectification)  
  78.56.-a (Photoconduction and photovoltaic effects)  
Corresponding Authors:  Azardokht Mazaheri     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Mohammad Javad Rabienejhad, Mahdi Davoudi-Darareh, and Azardokht Mazaheri Design and optimization of a nano-antenna hybrid structure for solar energy harvesting application 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 098503

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