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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(8): 087804    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab9c07
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Water at molecular level
TOPICAL REVIEW—Water at molecular level Prev   Next  

Effects of water on the structure and transport properties of room temperature ionic liquids and concentrated electrolyte solutions

Jinbing Zhang(张晋兵)1,2, Qiang Wang(王强)2, Zexian Cao(曹则贤)2,3
1 School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;
2 Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China

Transport properties and the associated structural heterogeneity of room temperature aqueous ionic liquids and especially of super-concentrated electrolyte aqueous solutions have received increasing attention, due to their potential application in ionic battery. This paper briefly reviews the results reported mainly since 2010 about the liquid-liquid separation, aggregation of polar and apolar domains in neat RTILs, and solvent clusters and 3D networks chiefly constructed by anions in super-concentrated electrolyte solutions. At the same time, the dominating effect of desolvation process of metal ions at electrode/electrolyte interface upon the transport of metal ions is stressed. This paper also presents the current understanding of how water affects the anion-cation interaction, structural heterogeneities, the structure of primary coordination sheath of metal ions and consequently their transport properties in free water-poor electrolytes.

Keywords:  super-concentrated electrolyte solutions      room temperature ionic liquids      water effect      structural heterogeneity      transport property  
Received:  24 April 2020      Revised:  01 June 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS: (Solutions and ionic liquids)  
  66.10.-x (Diffusion and ionic conduction in liquids)  
  66.30.jj (Diffusion of water)  
  47.57.eb (Diffusion and aggregation)  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11974385 and 91956101), the Fund from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. 1731300500030), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB07030100).

Corresponding Authors:  Qiang Wang, Zexian Cao     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Jinbing Zhang(张晋兵), Qiang Wang(王强), Zexian Cao(曹则贤) Effects of water on the structure and transport properties of room temperature ionic liquids and concentrated electrolyte solutions 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 087804

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