Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(5): 056801    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab821d

STM study of selenium adsorption on Au(111) surface

Bin Liu(刘斌), Yuan Zhuang(庄源), Yande Que(阙炎德), Chaoqiang Xu(徐超强), Xudong Xiao(肖旭东)
Department of Physics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
Abstract  Adsorption of chalcogen atoms on metal surfaces has attracted increasing interest for both the fundamental research and industrial applications. Here, we report a systematic study of selenium (Se) adsorption on Au(111) at varies substrate temperatures by scanning tunneling microscopy. At room temperature, small Se clusters are randomly dispersed on the surface. Increasing the temperature up to 200℃, a well-ordered lattice of Se molecules consisting of 8 Se atoms in ring-like structure is formed. Further increasing the temperature to 250℃ gives rise to the formation of Se monolayer with Au(111)-√3×√3 lattices superimposed with a quasi-hexagonal lattice. Desorption of Se atoms rather than the reaction between the Se atoms and the Au substrate occurs if further increasing the temperature. The ordered structures of selenium monolayers could serve as templates for self-assemblies and our findings in this work might provide insightful guild for the epitaxial growth of the two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides.
Keywords:  STM      adsorption      selenium      structure transitions  
Received:  20 February 2020      Revised:  12 March 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  68.37.Ef (Scanning tunneling microscopy (including chemistry induced with STM))  
  68.43.-h (Chemisorption/physisorption: adsorbates on surfaces)  
  74.62.-c (Transition temperature variations, phase diagrams)  
Fund: Project supported by the Direct Grant for Research of CUHK, China (Grant Nos. 4053306 and 4053348).
Corresponding Authors:  Yande Que, Xudong Xiao     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Bin Liu(刘斌), Yuan Zhuang(庄源), Yande Que(阙炎德), Chaoqiang Xu(徐超强), Xudong Xiao(肖旭东) STM study of selenium adsorption on Au(111) surface 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 056801

[1] Guo Q and Li F 2014 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16 19074
[2] Yang G, Qian Y, Engtrakul C, Sita L R and Liu G Y 2000 J. Phys. Chem. B 104 9059
[3] Akkerman H B, Naber R C G, Jongbloed B, Van Hal P A, Blom P W M, De Leeuw D M and De Boer B 2007 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104 11161
[4] Vericat C, Vela M E, Benitez G, Carro P and Salvarezza R C 2010 Chem. Soc. Rev. 39 1805
[5] Lee M, Kang S, Oh M, Chae J, Yu J and Kuk Y 2019 Surf. Sci. 685 19
[6] Zhang S, Guan J, Wang Y, Berlijn T, Johnston S, Jia X, Liu B, Zhu Q, An Q, Xue S, Cao Y, Yang F, Wang W, Zhang J, Plummer E W, Zhu X and Guo J 1955 Phys. Rev. B 97 1
[7] Dai J, Wang W, Brahlek M, Koirala N, Salehi M, Oh S and Wu W 2015 Nano Res. 8 1222
[8] Liu H, Zheng H, Yang F, Jiao L, Chen J, Ho W, Gao C, Jia J and Xie M 2015 ACS Nano 9 6619
[9] Radisavljevic B, Radenovic A, Brivio J, Giacometti V and Kis A 2011 Nat. Nanotechnol. 6 147
[10] Wang Q H, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Kis A, Coleman J N and Strano M S 2012 Nat. Nanotechnol. 7 699
[11] Berghäuser G, Bernal-Villamil I, Schmidt R, Schneider R, Niehues I, Erhart P, de Vasconcellos S M, Bratschitsch R, Knorr A and Malic E 2018 Nat. Commun. 9 971
[12] Lopez-Sanchez O, Lembke D, Kayci M, Radenovic A and Kis A 2013 Nat. Nanotechnol. 8 497
[13] Ugeda M M, Bradley A J, Shi S F, Felipe H, Zhang Y, Qiu D Y, Ruan W, Mo S K, Hussain Z and Shen Z X 2014 Nat. Mater. 13 1091
[14] Xu X, Yao W, Xiao D and Heinz T F 2014 Nat. Phys. 10 343
[15] Jin Y, Keum D H, An S, Kim J, Lee H S and Lee Y H 2015 Adv. Mater. 27 5534
[16] Xie L and Cui X 2016 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113 3746
[17] Mouafo L D N, Godel F, Froehlicher G, Berciaud S, Doudin B, Kamalakar M V and Dayen J F 2016 2D Mater. 4 15037
[18] Manzeli S, Ovchinnikov D, Pasquier D, Yazyev O V and Kis A 2017 Nat. Rev. Mater. 2 17033
[19] Husain S, Kumar A, Kumar P, Kumar A, Barwal V, Behera N, Choudhary S, Svedlindh P and Chaudhary S 2018 Phys. Rev. B 98 180404
[20] Voiry D, Mohite A and Chhowalla M 2015 Chem. Soc. Rev. 44 2702
[21] Xu H, Han D, Bao Y, Cheng F, Ding Z, Tan S J R and Loh K P 2018 Nano Lett. 18 5085
[22] Cheng F, Hu Z, Xu H, Shao Y, Su J, Chen Z, Ji W and Loh K P 2019 ACS Nano 13 2316
[23] Lister T E and Stickney J L 1996 J. Phys. Chem. 100 19568
[24] Sorenson T A, Lister T E, Huang B M and Stickney J L 1999 J. Electrochem. Soc. 146 1019
[25] Jia J, Bendounan A, Kotresh H M N, Chaouchi K, Sirotti F, Sampath S and Esaulov V A 2013 J. Phys. Chem. C 117 9835
[26] Nagashima S 1997 Appl. Surf. Sci. 121-122 116
[27] Becker J, Rademann K and Hensel F 1991 Z. Phys. D: At. Mol. Clust. 19 233
[28] Benamar A, Rayane D, Melinon P, Tribollet B and Broyer M 1991 Z. Phys. D: At. Mol. Clust. 19 237
[1] Molecular dynamics simulation of interaction between nanorod and phospholipid molecules bilayer
Xin Wang(王鑫), Xiang-Qin Li(李香琴), Tian-Qing Liu(刘天庆), Li-Dan Zhao(赵丽丹), Ke-Dong Song(宋克东), and Dan Ge(葛丹). Chin. Phys. B, 2023, 32(1): 016201.
[2] Adsorption dynamics of double-stranded DNA on a graphene oxide surface with both large unoxidized and oxidized regions
Mengjiao Wu(吴梦娇), Huishu Ma(马慧姝), Haiping Fang(方海平), Li Yang(阳丽), and Xiaoling Lei(雷晓玲). Chin. Phys. B, 2023, 32(1): 018701.
[3] Selective formation of ultrathin PbSe on Ag(111)
Jing Wang(王静), Meysam Bagheri Tagani, Li Zhang(张力), Yu Xia(夏雨), Qilong Wu(吴奇龙), Bo Li(黎博), Qiwei Tian(田麒玮), Yuan Tian(田园), Long-Jing Yin(殷隆晶), Lijie Zhang(张利杰), and Zhihui Qin(秦志辉). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(9): 096801.
[4] Monolayer MoS2 of high mobility grown on SiO2 substrate by two-step chemical vapor deposition
Jia-Jun Ma(马佳俊), Kang Wu(吴康), Zhen-Yu Wang(王振宇), Rui-Song Ma(马瑞松), Li-Hong Bao(鲍丽宏), Qing Dai(戴庆), Jin-Dong Ren(任金东), and Hong-Jun Gao(高鸿钧). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(8): 088105.
[5] Novel closed-cycle reaction mode for totally green production of Cu1.8Se nanoparticles based on laser-generated Se colloidal solution
Zhangyu Gu(顾张彧), Yisong Fan(范一松), Yixing Ye(叶一星), Yunyu Cai(蔡云雨), Jun Liu(刘俊), Shouliang Wu(吴守良), Pengfei Li(李鹏飞), Junhua Hu(胡俊华), Changhao Liang(梁长浩), and Yao Ma(马垚). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(7): 078102.
[6] Experimental observation of pseudogap in a modulation-doped Mott insulator: Sn/Si(111)-(√30×√30)R30°
Yan-Ling Xiong(熊艳翎), Jia-Qi Guan(关佳其), Rui-Feng Wang(汪瑞峰), Can-Li Song(宋灿立), Xu-Cun Ma(马旭村), and Qi-Kun Xue(薛其坤). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(6): 067401.
[7] Insights into the adsorption of water and oxygen on the cubic CsPbBr3 surfaces: A first-principles study
Xin Zhang(张鑫), Ruge Quhe(屈贺如歌), and Ming Lei(雷鸣). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(4): 046401.
[8] AA-stacked borophene-graphene bilayer as an anode material for alkali-metal ion batteries with a superhigh capacity
Yi-Bo Liang(梁艺博), Zhao Liu(刘钊), Jing Wang(王静), and Ying Liu(刘英). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(11): 116302.
[9] Water adsorption performance of UiO-66 modified by MgCl2 for heat transformation applications
Jia-Li Liu(刘佳丽), Guo-Dong Fu(付国栋), Ping Wu(吴平), Shang Liu(刘尚), Jin-Guang Yang(杨金光), Shi-Ping Zhang(张师平), Li Wang(王立), Min Xu(许闽), and Xiu-Lan Huai(淮秀兰). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(11): 118101.
[10] Observation of multiple charge density wave phases in epitaxial monolayer 1T-VSe2 film
Junyu Zong(宗君宇), Yang Xie(谢阳), Qinghao Meng(孟庆豪), Qichao Tian(田启超), Wang Chen(陈望), Xuedong Xie(谢学栋), Shaoen Jin(靳少恩), Yongheng Zhang(张永衡), Li Wang(王利), Wei Ren(任伟), Jian Shen(沈健), Aixi Chen(陈爱喜), Pengdong Wang(王鹏栋), Fang-Sen Li(李坊森), Zhaoyang Dong(董召阳), Can Wang(王灿), Jian-Xin Li(李建新), and Yi Zhang(张翼). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(10): 107301.
[11] Signatures of strong interlayer coupling in γ-InSe revealed by local differential conductivity
Xiaoshuai Fu(富晓帅), Li Liu(刘丽), Li Zhang(张力), Qilong Wu(吴奇龙), Yu Xia(夏雨), Lijie Zhang(张利杰), Yuan Tian(田园), Long-Jing Yin(殷隆晶), and Zhihui Qin(秦志辉). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(8): 087306.
[12] Adsorption of CO2 on MgAl layered double hydroxides: Effect of intercalated anion and alkaline etching time
Yan-Yan Feng(冯艳艳), Xiao-Di Niu(牛潇迪), Yong-Hui Xu (徐永辉), and Wen Yang(杨文). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(4): 048101.
[13] First-principles study of co-adsorption behavior of O2 and CO2 molecules on δ -Pu(100) surface
Chun-Bao Qi(戚春保), Tao Wang(王涛), Ru-Song Li(李如松), Jin-Tao Wang(王金涛), Ming-Ao Qin(秦铭澳), and Si-Hao Tao(陶思昊). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(2): 026601.
[14] Moiré superlattice modulations in single-unit-cell FeTe films grown on NbSe2 single crystals
Han-Bin Deng(邓翰宾), Yuan Li(李渊), Zili Feng(冯子力), Jian-Yu Guan(关剑宇), Xin Yu(于鑫), Xiong Huang(黄雄), Rui-Zhe Liu(刘睿哲), Chang-Jiang Zhu(朱长江), Limin Liu(刘立民), Ying-Kai Sun(孙英开), Xi-Liang Peng(彭锡亮), Shuai-Shuai Li(李帅帅), Xin Du(杜鑫), Zheng Wang(王铮), Rui Wu(武睿), Jia-Xin Yin(殷嘉鑫), You-Guo Shi(石友国), and Han-Qing Mao(毛寒青). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(12): 126801.
[15] Epitaxial growth of antimony nanofilms on HOPG and thermal desorption to control the film thickness
Shuya Xing(邢淑雅), Le Lei(雷乐), Haoyu Dong(董皓宇), Jianfeng Guo(郭剑峰), Feiyue Cao(曹飞跃), Shangzhi Gu(顾尚志), Sabir Hussain, Fei Pang(庞斐), Wei Ji(季威), Rui Xu(许瑞), Zhihai Cheng(程志海). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(9): 096801.
No Suggested Reading articles found!