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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(4): 048203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab7b54
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Advanced calculation & characterization of energy storage materials & devices at multiple scale
SPECIAL TOPIC—Advanced calculation & characterization of energy storage materials & devices at multiple scale Prev   Next  

Influence of fluoroethylene carbonate on the solid electrolyte interphase of silicon anode for Li-ion batteries: A scanning force spectroscopy study

Jieyun Zheng(郑杰允)1, Jialiang Liu(刘家亮)2, Suijun Wang(王绥军)2, Fei Luo(罗飞)1, Liubin Ben(贲留斌)1, Hong Li(李泓)1
Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, State Key Laboratory of Operation and Control of Renewable Energy, Storage Systems, China Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing, China
Abstract  Silicon is an important high capacity anode material for the next generation Li-ion batteries. The electrochemical performances of the Si anode are influenced strongly by the properties of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). It is well known that the addition of flouroethylene carbonate (FEC) in the carbonate electrolyte is helpful to improve the cyclic performance of the Si anode. The possible origin is suggested to relate to the modification of the SEI. However, detailed information is still absent. In this work, the structural and mechanical properties of the SEI on Si thin film anode in the ethylene-carbonate-based (EC-based) and FEC-based electrolytes at different discharging and charging states have been investigated using a scanning atomic force microscopy force spectroscopy (AFMFS) method. Single-layered, double-layered, and multi-layered SEI structures with various Young's moduli have been visualized three dimensionally at nanoscale based on the hundreds of force curves in certain scanned area. The coverage of the SEI can be obtained quantitatively from the two-dimensional (2D) project plots. The related analysis indicates that more soft SEI layers are covered on the Si anode, and this could explain the benefits of the FEC additive.
Keywords:  Si      fluoroethylene carbonate      solid electrolyte interphase      atomic force microscopy force spectroscopy  
Received:  30 December 2019      Revised:  26 February 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  82.47.Aa (Lithium-ion batteries)  
  82.45.Fk (Electrodes)  
  79.60.Jv (Interfaces; heterostructures; nanostructures)  
  68.37.Ps (Atomic force microscopy (AFM))  
Fund: Project supported by the State Grid Technology Project, China (Grant No. DG71-17-010).
Corresponding Authors:  Hong Li     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Jieyun Zheng(郑杰允), Jialiang Liu(刘家亮), Suijun Wang(王绥军), Fei Luo(罗飞), Liubin Ben(贲留斌), Hong Li(李泓) Influence of fluoroethylene carbonate on the solid electrolyte interphase of silicon anode for Li-ion batteries: A scanning force spectroscopy study 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 048203

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