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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(6): 067301    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/6/067301
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Topological insulator
TOPICAL REVIEW—Topological insulator Prev   Next  

Elastic scattering of surface states on three-dimensional topological insulators

Wang Jing (王靖)a b, Zhu Bang-Fen (朱邦芬)a c
a State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, and Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
b Department of Physics, McCullough Building, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4045, USA;
c Institute of Advanced Study, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract  Topological insulators as a new type of quantum matter materials are characterized by a full insulating gap in the bulk and gapless edge/surface states protected by the time-reversal symmetry. We propose that the interference patterns caused by the elastic scattering of defects or impurities are dominated by the surface states at the extremal points on the constant energy contour. Within such a formalism, we summarize our recent theoretical investigations on the elastic scattering of topological surface states by various imperfections, including non-magnetic impurities, magnetic impurities, step edges, and various other defects, in comparison with the recent related experiments in typical topological materials such as BiSb alloys, Bi2Te3, and Bi2Se3 crystals.
Keywords:  topological insulator      surface state      scattering by imperfection      scanning tunneling microscope  
Received:  13 May 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  73.20.-r (Electron states at surfaces and interfaces)  
  68.37.Ef (Scanning tunneling microscopy (including chemistry induced with STM))  
  73.43.Cd (Theory and modeling)  
  72.10.Fk (Scattering by point defects, dislocations, surfaces, and other imperfections (including Kondo effect))  
Fund: Project supported by the Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CB921901) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11074143).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhu Bang-Fen     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Wang Jing (王靖), Zhu Bang-Fen (朱邦芬) Elastic scattering of surface states on three-dimensional topological insulators 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 067301

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