Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(9): 097203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac11d2
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Strain-dependent resistance and giant gauge factor in monolayer WSe2

Mao-Sen Qin(秦茂森), Xing-Guo Ye(叶兴国), Peng-Fei Zhu(朱鹏飞), Wen-Zheng Xu(徐文正), Jing Liang(梁晶), Kaihui Liu(刘开辉), and Zhi-Min Liao(廖志敏)
State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics and Frontiers Science Center for Nano-optoelectronics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Abstract  We report the strong dependence of resistance on uniaxial strain in monolayer WSe2 at various temperatures, where the gauge factor can reach as large as 2400. The observation of strain-dependent resistance and giant gauge factor is attributed to the emergence of nonzero Berry curvature dipole. Upon increasing strain, Berry curvature dipole can generate net orbital magnetization, which would introduce additional magnetic scattering, decreasing the mobility and thus conductivity. Our work demonstrates the strain engineering of Berry curvature and thus the transport properties, making monolayer WSe2 potential for application in the highly sensitive strain sensors and high-performance flexible electronics.
Keywords:  strain engineering      van der Waals materials      symmetry breaking      orbital magnetization      Berry curvature  
Received:  19 June 2021      Revised:  28 June 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  07 July 2021
PACS:  72.20.Fr (Low-field transport and mobility; piezoresistance)  
  72.15.Qm (Scattering mechanisms and Kondo effect)  
  73.63.-b (Electronic transport in nanoscale materials and structures)  
  75.25.Dk (Orbital, charge, and other orders, including coupling of these orders)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2018YFA0703703) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91964201, 61825401, and 11774004).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhi-Min Liao     E-mail:  liaozm@pku.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Mao-Sen Qin(秦茂森), Xing-Guo Ye(叶兴国), Peng-Fei Zhu(朱鹏飞), Wen-Zheng Xu(徐文正), Jing Liang(梁晶), Kaihui Liu(刘开辉), and Zhi-Min Liao(廖志敏) Strain-dependent resistance and giant gauge factor in monolayer WSe2 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 097203

[1] Mak K F, Xiao D and Shan J 2018 Nat. Photon. 12 451
[2] Schaibley J R, Yu H, Clark G, et al. 2016 Nat. Rev. Mater. 1 16055
[3] Manzeli S, Ovchinnikov D, Pasquier D, et al. 2017 Nat. Rev. Mater. 2 17033
[4] Splendiani A, Sun L, Zhang Y, et al. 2010 Nano Lett. 10 1271
[5] Mak K F, Lee C, Hone J, et al. 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 136805
[6] Bertolazzi S, Brivio J and Kis A 2011 ACS Nano 5 9703
[7] Lee G H, Yu Y J, Cui X, et al. 2013 ACS Nano 7 7931
[8] Pu J, Yomogida Y, Liu K K, et al. 2012 Nano Lett. 12 4013
[9] Cheng R, Jiang S, Chen Y, et al. 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 5143
[10] Yan W, Fuh H R, Lv Y, et al. 2021 Nat. Commun. 12 2018
[11] Johari P and Shenoy V B 2012 ACS Nano 6 5449
[12] Peelaers H and Van de Walle C G 2012 Phys. Rev. B 86 241401
[13] Scalise E, Houssa M, Pourtois G, et al. 2012 Nano Res. 5 43
[14] Conley H J, Wang B, Ziegler J I, et al. 2013 Nano Lett. 13 3626
[15] Ghorbani Asl M, Borini S, Kuc A, et al. 2013 Phys. Rev. B 87 235434
[16] He K, Poole C, Mak K F, et al. 2013 Nano Lett. 13 2931
[17] Cazalilla M A, Ochoa H and Guinea F 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 077201
[18] Wang L, Kutana A and Yakobson B I 2014 Annalen Der. Physik 526 L7
[19] Lanzillo N A, Simbeck A J and Nayak S K 2015 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 27 175501
[20] Manzeli S, Allain A, Ghadimi A, et al. 2015 Nano Lett. 15 5330
[21] Rostami H, Roldán R, Cappelluti E, et al. 2015 Phys. Rev. B 92 195402
[22] Feng J, Qian X, Huang C W, et al. 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 866
[23] Wu W, Wang L, Li Y, et al. 2014 Nature 514 470
[24] Zhu H, Wang Y, Xiao J, et al. 2015 Nat. Nanotech. 10 151
[25] Guinea F, Katsnelson M I and Geim A K 2010 Nat. Phys. 6 30
[26] Levy N, Burke S A, Meaker K L, et al. 2010 Science 329 544
[27] Tsai M Y, Tarasov A, Hesabi Z R, et al. 2015 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7 12850
[28] Qin M S, Zhu P F, Ye X G, et al. 2021 Chin. Phys. Lett. 38 017301
[29] Sun Y, Wu S C, Ali M N, et al. 2015 Phys. Rev. B 92 161107
[30] Wu F, Lovorn T, Tutuc E, et al. 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 121 026402
[31] Park S E and Shrout T R 1997 J. Appl. Phys. 82 1804
[32] Rata A D, Herklotz A, Nenkov K, et al. 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 076401
[33] Thiele C, Dörr K, Bilani O, et al. 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 054408
[34] Thiele C, Dörr K, Fähler S, et al. 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 262502
[35] Herklotz A, Plumhof J D, Rastelli A, et al. 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 108 094101
[36] Zomer P J, Guimarães M H D, Brant J C, et al. 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 105 013101
[37] Movva H C P, Rai A, Kang S, et al. 2015 ACS Nano 9 10402
[38] Li Y, Rao Y, Mak K F, et al. 2013 Nano Lett. 13 3329
[39] Mennel L, Furchi M M, Wachter S, et al. 2018 Nat. Commun. 9 516
[40] Martin F, ter Brake H J M, Lebrun L, et al. 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 111 104108
[41] Hou W, Azizimanesh A, Sewaket A, et al. 2019 Nat. Nanotechnol. 14 668
[42] Chen Y, Zhang Y, Keil R, et al. 2017 Nano Lett. 17 7864
[43] Molitor F, Güttinger J, Stampfer C, et al. 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 245426
[44] Chen C T, Low T, Chiu H Y, et al. 2012 IEEE Electron Device Lett. 33 330
[45] Gazibegovic S, Car D, Zhang H, et al. 2017 Nature 548 434
[46] Sodemann I and Fu L 2015 Phys. Rev. Lett. 115 216806
[47] Son J, Kim K H, Ahn Y H, et al. 2019 Phys. Rev. Lett. 123 036806
[1] Conservation of the particle-hole symmetry in the pseudogap state in optimally-doped Bi2Sr2CuO6+δ superconductor
Hongtao Yan(闫宏涛), Qiang Gao(高强), Chunyao Song(宋春尧), Chaohui Yin(殷超辉), Yiwen Chen(陈逸雯), Fengfeng Zhang(张丰丰), Feng Yang(杨峰), Shenjin Zhang(张申金), Qinjun Peng(彭钦军), Guodong Liu(刘国东), Lin Zhao(赵林), Zuyan Xu(许祖彦), and X. J. Zhou(周兴江). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(8): 087401.
[2] Valley-dependent transport in strain engineering graphene heterojunctions
Fei Wan(万飞), X R Wang(王新茹), L H Liao(廖烈鸿), J Y Zhang(张嘉颜),M N Chen(陈梦南), G H Zhou(周光辉), Z B Siu(萧卓彬), Mansoor B. A. Jalil, and Yuan Li(李源). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(7): 077302.
[3] Magnetic and electronic properties of two-dimensional metal-organic frameworks TM3(C2NH)12
Zhen Feng(冯振), Yi Li(李依), Yaqiang Ma(马亚强), Yipeng An(安义鹏), and Xianqi Dai(戴宪起). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(9): 097102.
[4] Magnetic two-dimensional van der Waals materials forspintronic devices
Yu Zhang(张雨), Hongjun Xu(许洪军), Jiafeng Feng(丰家峰), Hao Wu(吴昊), Guoqiang Yu(于国强), and Xiufeng Han(韩秀峰). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(11): 118504.
[5] Raman scattering study of two-dimensional magnetic van der Waals compound VI3
Yi-Meng Wang(王艺朦), Shang-Jie Tian(田尚杰), Cheng-He Li(李承贺), Feng Jin(金峰), Jian-Ting Ji(籍建葶), He-Chang Lei(雷和畅), Qing-Ming Zhang(张清明). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 056301.
[6] Existence of spontaneous symmetry breaking in two-lane totally asymmetric simple exclusion processes with an intersection
Bo Tian(田波), Ping Xia(夏萍), Li Liu(刘莉), Meng-Ran Wu(吴蒙然), Shu-Yong Guo(郭树勇). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 050505.
[7] Raman scattering study of magnetic layered MPS3 crystals (M=Mn, Fe, Ni)
Yi-Meng Wang(王艺朦), Jian-Feng Zhang(张建丰), Cheng-He Li(李承贺), Xiao-Li Ma(马肖莉), Jian-Ting Ji(籍建葶), Feng Jin(金峰), He-Chang Lei(雷和畅), Kai Liu(刘凯), Wei-Lu Zhang(张玮璐), Qing-Ming Zhang(张清明). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(5): 056301.
[8] Strain engineering of electronic and magnetic properties of Ga2S2 nanoribbons
Bao-Ji Wang(王宝基), Xiao-Hua Li(李晓华), Li-Wei Zhang(张利伟), Guo-Dong Wang(王国东), San-Huang Ke(柯三黄). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(5): 057102.
[9] Spurious symmetry-broken phase in a bidirectional two-lane ASEP with narrow entrances
Bo Tian(田波), Rui Jiang(姜锐), Mao-Bin Hu(胡茂彬), Bin Jia(贾斌). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(2): 020503.
[10] One-dimensional ZnO nanostructure-based optoelectronics
Zheng Zhang(张铮), Zhuo Kang(康卓), Qingliang Liao(廖庆亮), Xiaomei Zhang(张晓梅), Yue Zhang(张跃). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(11): 118102.
[11] Bound states of Dirac fermions in monolayer gapped graphene in the presence of local perturbations
Mohsen Yarmohammadi, Malek Zareyan. Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(6): 068105.
[12] Statistical physics of hard combinatorial optimization:Vertex cover problem
Zhao Jin-Hua, Zhou Hai-Jun. Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(7): 078901.
[13] Asymmetric simple exclusion processes with complex lattice geometries: A review of models and phenomena
Liu Ming-Zhe, Li Shao-Da, Wang Rui-Li. Chin. Phys. B, 2012, 21(9): 090510.
[14] Spontaneous symmetry breaking vacuum energy in cosmology
Zhou Kang(周康), Yue Rui-Hong(岳瑞宏), Yang Zhan-Ying(杨战营), and Zou De-Cheng(邹德成) . Chin. Phys. B, 2012, 21(7): 079801.
[15] Seeing time-reversal transmission characteristics through kinetic anti-ferromagnetic Ising chain
Chen Ying-Ming(陈英明) and Wang Bing-Zhong(王秉中) . Chin. Phys. B, 2012, 21(2): 026401.
[1] LI YI-JIE, XIONG GUANG-CHENG, GAN ZI-ZHAO, REN CONG-XIN, CHEN GUO-LIANG, ZOU SHI-CHANG. SUPERCONDUCTING PROPERTIES AND STRUCTURAL PERFECTION OF EPITAXIAL YBa2Cu3O7-x THIN FILMS[J]. Chin. Phys. B, 1992, 1(3): 211 -218 .
[2] Chen Xiang-Wei. Closed orbits and limit cycles of second-order autonomous Birkhoff systems[J]. Chin. Phys., 2003, 12(6): 586 -589 .
[3] Li Shao-Hui, Liu Bing-Chen, Ni Guo-Quan, Xu Zhi-Zhan . Investigation of the time characteristics of a pulsed flow of large rare gas clusters[J]. Chin. Phys. B, 2003, 12(8): 856 -860 .
[4] Qiang Wen-Chao. Bound states of the Klein-Gordon equation for ring-shaped Kratzer-type potential[J]. Chin. Phys., 2004, 13(5): 575 -578 .
[5] Yang Chun-Ling, Wang Yu-Ye, Zhao Dong-Yang, Zhao Guo-Liang. The measuring of spectral emissivity of object using chaotic optimal algorithm[J]. Chin. Phys., 2005, 14(10): 2041 -2045 .
[6] Zhou Qian, Wan Bao-Nian, Wu Zhen-Wei, Huang Juan. The carbon impurity particle transport in ohmic discharges on the HT-7 tokamak[J]. Chin. Phys., 2005, 14(12): 2539 -2545 .
[7] Zhang Hong-Bin, Chen Li-Qun, Liu Rong-Wan. The discrete variational principle in Hamiltonian formalism and first integrals[J]. Chin. Phys. B, 2005, 14(6): 1063 -1068 .
[8] Song Yun-Zhong(宋运忠), Zhao Guang-Zhou(赵光宙), and Qi Dong-Lian(齐冬莲). Passive control of chaotic system with multiple strange attractors[J]. Chin. Phys., 2006, 15(10): 2266 -2270 .
[9] Muhammad Abbas Bari(穆汗默德阿巴斯巴瑞), Zhong Jia-Yong(钟佳勇), Chen Min(陈民), Zhao Jing(赵静), and Zhang Jie(张杰). Calculation of plasma characteristics of the sun[J]. Chin. Phys., 2006, 15(11): 2578 -2582 .
[10] Mei Feng-Xiang, Xu Xue-Jun. First integrals and stability of second-order differential equations[J]. Chin. Phys., 2006, 15(6): 1134 -1136 .