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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(11): 118504    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac2808
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Two-dimensional magnetic materials and devices
TOPICAL REVIEW—Two-dimensional magnetic materials and devices Prev   Next  

Magnetic two-dimensional van der Waals materials forspintronic devices

Yu Zhang(张雨)1,2, Hongjun Xu(许洪军)1,3, Jiafeng Feng(丰家峰)1,2, Hao Wu(吴昊)3,†, Guoqiang Yu(于国强)1,2,3,‡, and Xiufeng Han(韩秀峰)1,2,3
1 Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Abstract  Magnetic two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdWs) materials and their heterostructures attract increasing attention in the spintronics community due to their various degrees of freedom such as spin, charge, and energy valley, which may stimulate potential applications in the field of low-power and high-speed spintronic devices in the future. This review begins with introducing the long-range magnetic order in 2D vdWs materials and the recent progress of tunning their properties by electrostatic doping and stress. Next, the proximity-effect, current-induced magnetization switching, and the related spintronic devices (such as magnetic tunnel junctions and spin valves) based on magnetic 2D vdWs materials are presented. Finally, the development trend of magnetic 2D vdWs materials is discussed. This review provides comprehensive understandings for the development of novel spintronic applications based on magnetic 2D vdWs materials.
Keywords:  magnetic two-dimensional van der Waals materials      spintronic devices  
Received:  15 July 2021      Revised:  15 September 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  18 September 2021
PACS:  85.75.-d (Magnetoelectronics; spintronics: devices exploiting spin polarized transport or integrated magnetic fields)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFA0206200), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11874409), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation, China (Grant No. Z190009), the Science Center of the National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 52088101), and the K. C. Wong Education Foundation (Grant No. GJTD-2019-14).
Corresponding Authors:  Hao Wu, Guoqiang Yu     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Yu Zhang(张雨), Hongjun Xu(许洪军), Jiafeng Feng(丰家峰), Hao Wu(吴昊), Guoqiang Yu(于国强), and Xiufeng Han(韩秀峰) Magnetic two-dimensional van der Waals materials forspintronic devices 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 118504

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