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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(9): 098501    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac11ce
INTERDISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Prev   Next  

Temperature and current sensitivity extraction of optical superconducting transition-edge sensors based on a two-fluid model

Yue Geng(耿悦)1,2,3, Pei-Zhan Li(李佩展)1,2,3, Jia-Qiang Zhong(钟家强)1,3, Wen Zhang(张文)1,3,†, Zheng Wang(王争)1,3, Wei Miao(缪巍)1,3, Yuan Ren(任远)1,3, and Sheng-Cai Shi(史生才)1,3,‡
1 Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210023, China;
2 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
3 Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210023, China
Abstract  Optical superconducting transition-edge sensor (TES) has been widely used in quantum information, biological imaging, and fluorescence microscopy owing to its high quantum efficiency, low dark count, and photon number resolving capability. The temperature sensitivity (αI) and current sensitivity (βI) are important parameters for optical TESs, which are generally extracted from the complex impedance. Here we present a method to extract αI and βI based on a two-fluid model and compare the calculated current-voltage curves, pulse response, and theoretical energy resolution with the measured ones. This method shows qualitative agreement that is suitable for further optimization of optical TESs.
Keywords:  transition-edge sensor      single-photon detector      two-fluid model  
Received:  30 March 2021      Revised:  23 June 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  07 July 2021
PACS:  85.25.Oj (Superconducting optical, X-ray, and γ-ray detectors (SIS, NIS, transition edge))  
  85.25.Am (Superconducting device characterization, design, and modeling)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Basic Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFA0304003), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. U1831202, U1731119, U1931123, 11773083, and 11873099), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH043 and GJJSTD20180003), and Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. BRA2020411).
Corresponding Authors:  Wen Zhang, Sheng-Cai Shi     E-mail:  wzhang@pmo.ac.cn;scshi@pmo.ac.cn

Cite this article: 

Yue Geng(耿悦), Pei-Zhan Li(李佩展), Jia-Qiang Zhong(钟家强), Wen Zhang(张文), Zheng Wang(王争), Wei Miao(缪巍), Yuan Ren(任远), and Sheng-Cai Shi(史生才) Temperature and current sensitivity extraction of optical superconducting transition-edge sensors based on a two-fluid model 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 098501

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