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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(6): 060314    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abee0c
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Quantum computation and quantum simulation
SPECIAL TOPIC—Quantum computation and quantum simulation Prev   Next  

Interaction induced non-reciprocal three-level quantum transport

Sai Li(李赛)1, Tao Chen(陈涛)1, Jia Liu(刘佳)1,2,†, and Zheng-Yuan Xue(薛正远)1,2,‡
1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Engineering and Quantum Materials, and School of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
2 Guangdong-Hong Kong Joint Laboratory of Quantum Matter, and Frontier Research Institute for Physics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
Abstract  Besides its fundamental importance, non-reciprocity has also found many potential applications in quantum technology. Recently, many quantum systems have been proposed to realize non-reciprocity, but stable non-reciprocal process is still experimentally difficult in general, due to the needed cyclical interactions in artificial systems or operational difficulties in solid state materials. Here, we propose a new kind of interaction induced non-reciprocal operation, based on the conventional stimulated-Raman-adiabatic-passage (STIRAP) setup, which removes the experimental difficulty of requiring cyclical interaction, and thus it is directly implementable in various quantum systems. Furthermore, we also illustrate our proposal on a chain of three coupled superconducting transmons, which can lead to a non-reciprocal circulator with high fidelity without a ring coupling configuration as in the previous schemes or implementations. Therefore, our protocol provides a promising way to explore fundamental non-reciprocal quantum physics as well as realize non-reciprocal quantum device.
Keywords:  non-reciprocity      quantum transport      superconducting quantum circuits  
Received:  20 September 2020      Revised:  07 March 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  12 March 2021
PACS:  03.65.Ta (Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory)  
  03.65.Aa (Quantum systems with finite Hilbert space)  
  03.67.Lx (Quantum computation architectures and implementations)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11874156 and 11904111) and the Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2019M652684).
Corresponding Authors:  Jia Liu, Zheng-Yuan Xue     E-mail:  liuj.phys@foxmail.com;zyxue83@163.com

Cite this article: 

Sai Li(李赛), Tao Chen(陈涛), Jia Liu(刘佳), and Zheng-Yuan Xue(薛正远) Interaction induced non-reciprocal three-level quantum transport 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 060314

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