Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(6): 060314    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abee0c
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Quantum computation and quantum simulation
SPECIAL TOPIC—Quantum computation and quantum simulation Prev   Next  

Interaction induced non-reciprocal three-level quantum transport

Sai Li(李赛)1, Tao Chen(陈涛)1, Jia Liu(刘佳)1,2,†, and Zheng-Yuan Xue(薛正远)1,2,‡
1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Engineering and Quantum Materials, and School of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
2 Guangdong-Hong Kong Joint Laboratory of Quantum Matter, and Frontier Research Institute for Physics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
Abstract  Besides its fundamental importance, non-reciprocity has also found many potential applications in quantum technology. Recently, many quantum systems have been proposed to realize non-reciprocity, but stable non-reciprocal process is still experimentally difficult in general, due to the needed cyclical interactions in artificial systems or operational difficulties in solid state materials. Here, we propose a new kind of interaction induced non-reciprocal operation, based on the conventional stimulated-Raman-adiabatic-passage (STIRAP) setup, which removes the experimental difficulty of requiring cyclical interaction, and thus it is directly implementable in various quantum systems. Furthermore, we also illustrate our proposal on a chain of three coupled superconducting transmons, which can lead to a non-reciprocal circulator with high fidelity without a ring coupling configuration as in the previous schemes or implementations. Therefore, our protocol provides a promising way to explore fundamental non-reciprocal quantum physics as well as realize non-reciprocal quantum device.
Keywords:  non-reciprocity      quantum transport      superconducting quantum circuits  
Received:  20 September 2020      Revised:  07 March 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  12 March 2021
PACS:  03.65.Ta (Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory)  
  03.65.Aa (Quantum systems with finite Hilbert space)  
  03.67.Lx (Quantum computation architectures and implementations)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11874156 and 11904111) and the Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2019M652684).
Corresponding Authors:  Jia Liu, Zheng-Yuan Xue     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Sai Li(李赛), Tao Chen(陈涛), Jia Liu(刘佳), and Zheng-Yuan Xue(薛正远) Interaction induced non-reciprocal three-level quantum transport 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 060314

[1] Deák L and Fülöp T 2012 Ann. Phys. 327 1050
[2] Devoret M H and Schoelkopf R J 2013 Science 339 1169
[3] Bharadia D, McMilin E and Katti S 2013 ACM SIGCOMM Comp. Commun. Rev. 43 375
[4] Aplet L J and Carson J W 1964 Appl. Opt. 3 544
[5] Fan L, Wang J, Varghese L T, Shen H, Niu B, Xuan Y, Weiner A M and Qi M 2012 Science 335 447
[6] Kamal A, Roy A, Clarke J and Devoret M H 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 247003
[7] Kamal A and Metelmann A 2017 Phys. Rev. Appl. 7 034031
[8] Koch J, Houck A A, Hur K L and S M Girvin 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 043811
[9] Umucalılar R O and Carusotto I 2011 Phys. Rev. A 84 043804
[10] Habraken S J M, Stannigel K, Lukin M D, Zoller P and P Rabl 2012 New J. Phys. 14 115004
[11] Wang Y P, Wang W, Xue Z Y, Yang W L, Hu Y and Wu Y 2015 Sci. Rep. 5 8352
[12] Sun F X, Mao D, Dai Y T, Ficek Z, He Q Y and Gong Q H 2017 New J. Phys. 19 123039
[13] Seif A, DeGottardi W, Esfarjani K and Hafezi M 2018 Nat. Commun. 9 1207
[14] Barfuss A, Kölbl J, Thiel L, Teissier J, Kasperczyk M and Maletinsky P 2018 Nat. Phys. 14 1087
[15] Regensburger A, Bersch C, Miri M A, Onishchukov G, Christodoulides D N and Peschel U 2012 Nature 488 167
[16] Fleury R, Sounas D and Alú A 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 5905
[17] Chong Y D, Ge L and Stone A D 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 093902
[18] Miao P, Zhang Z, Sun J, Walasik W, Longhi S, Litchinitser N M and Feng L 2016 Science 353 464
[19] Peng B, Özdemir Ş K, Lei F, Monifi F, Gianfreda M, Long G L, Fan S, Nori F, Bender C M and Yang L 2014 Nat. Phys. 10 394
[20] Chang L, Jiang X, Hua S, Yang C, Wen J, Jiang L, Li G, Wang G and Xiao M 2014 Nat. Photon. 8 524
[21] Xu X W, Zhao Y J, Wang H, Chen A X and Liu Y X 2019 arxiv: 1908.08323
[22] Guo W, Chen T, Xie D Z, Xiao T, Deng T S, Gadway B, Yi W and Yang B 2020 Phys. Rev. Lett. 124 070402
[23] Fang K, Yu Z and Fan S 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 153901
[24] Hafezi M and Rabl P 2012 Opt. Express 20 7672
[25] Lira H, Yu Z, Fan S and Lipson M 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 033901
[26] Poulton C G, Pant R, Byrnes A, Fan S, Steel M J and Eggleton B J 2012 Opt. Express 20 21235
[27] Sounas D L, Caloz C and Alú A 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2407
[28] Fleury R, Khanikaev A and Alú A 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 11744
[29] Wang D W, Zhou H T, Guo M J, Zhang J X, Evers J and Zhu S Y 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 093901
[30] Estep N A, Sounas D L, Soric J and Alú A 2014 Nat. Phys. 10 923
[31] Reiskarimian N and Krishnaswamy H 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 11217
[32] Sounas D L and Alú A 2017 Nat. Photon. 11 774
[33] Gu X, Kockum A F, Miranowicz A, Liu Y X and Nori F 2017 Phys. Rep. 78 1
[34] Roushan P, Neill C, Megrant A, Chen Y, Babbush R, Barends R, Campbell B, Chen Z, Chiaro B, Dunsworth A, Fowler A, Jeffrey E, Kelly J, Lucero E, Mutus J, O Malley P J J, Neeley M, Quintana C, Sank D, Vainsencher A, Wenner J, White T, Kapit E, Neven H and Martinis J 2017 Nat. Phys. 13 146
[35] Vepsäläinen A, Danilin S and Paraoanu G S 2019 Sci. Adv. 5 eaau5999
[36] Shen Z, Zhang Y L, Chen Y, Zou C L, Xiao Y F, Zhou X B, Sun F W, Guo G C and Dong C H 2016 Nat. Photon. 10 657
[37] Ruesink F, Miri M A, Alú A and Verhagen E 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 13662
[38] Xu H, Jiang L Y, Clerk A A and Harris J G E 2019 Nature 568 65
[39] Kumar K S, Vepsäläinen A, Danilin S and Paraoanu G S 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 10628
[40] Xu H K, Song C, Liu W Y, Xue G M, Su F F, Deng H, Tian Y, Zheng D N, Han S Y, Zhong Y P, Wang H, Liu Y X and Zhao S P 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 11018
[41] You J Q and Nori F 2011 Nature 474 589
[42] Xiang Z L, Ashhab S, You J Q and Nori F 2013 Rev. Mod. Phys. 85 623
[43] Feng G, Xu G and Long G 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 190501
[44] Leibfried D, Blatt R, Monroe C and Wineland D 2003 Rev. Mod. Phys. 75 281
[45] Xiang Z L, Ashhab S, You J Q and Nori F 2013 Rev. Mod. Phys. 85 623
[46] Li X, Ma Y, Han J, Chen T, Xu Y, Cai W, Wang H, Song Y P, Xue Z Y, Yin Z Q and Sun L 2018 Phys. Rev. Appl. 10 054009
[47] Cai W, Han J, Mei F, Xu Y, Ma Y, Li X, Wang H, Song Y P, Xue Z Y, Yin Z Q, Jia S and Sun L 2019 Phys. Rev. Lett. 123 080501
[48] Lewis H R and Riesenfeld W B 1969 J. Math. Phys. 10 1458
[49] Chen X, Lizuain I, Ruschhaupt A, Guéry-Odelin D and Muga J G 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 123003
[50] Zhou J, Li S, Chen T and Xue Z Y 2019 Ann. Phys. 531 1800402
[51] Koch J, Yu T M, Gambetta J, Houck A A, Schuster D I, Majer J, Blais A, Devoret M H, Girvin S M and Schoelkopf R J 2007 Phys. Rev. A 76 042319
[52] Chu J, Li D Y, Yang X P, Song S Q, Han Z K, Yang Z, Dong Y Q, Zheng W, Wang Z M, Yu X M, Lan D, Tan X S and Yu Y 2020 Phys. Rev. Appl. 13 064012
[53] Barends R, Kelly J, Megrant A, Veitia A, Sank D, Jeffrey E, White T C, Mutus J, Fowler A G, Campbell B, Chen Y, Chen Z J, Chiaro B, Dunsworth A, Neill C, Omalley P J J, Roushan P, Vainsencher A, Wenner J, Korotkov A N, Cleland A N and Martinis J M 2014 Nature 508 500
[1] Impact of counter-rotating-wave term on quantum heat transfer and phonon statistics in nonequilibrium qubit-phonon hybrid system
Chen Wang(王晨), Lu-Qin Wang(王鲁钦), and Jie Ren(任捷). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(3): 030506.
[2] A polaron theory of quantum thermal transistor in nonequilibrium three-level systems
Chen Wang(王晨), Da-Zhi Xu(徐大智). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(8): 080504.
[3] Bose-Einstein condensates in an eightfold symmetric optical lattice
Zhen-Xia Niu(牛真霞), Yong-Hang Tai(邰永航), Jun-Sheng Shi(石俊生), Wei Zhang(张威). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 056103.
[4] Geometric phase of an open double-quantum-dot system detected by a quantum point contact
Qian Du(杜倩), Kang Lan(蓝康), Yan-Hui Zhang(张延惠), Lu-Jing Jiang(姜露静). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(3): 030302.
[5] Coulomb blockade and hopping transport behaviors of donor-induced quantum dots in junctionless transistors
Liu-Hong Ma(马刘红), Wei-Hua Han(韩伟华), Fu-Hua Yang(杨富华). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(3): 038104.
[6] Unifying quantum heat transfer and superradiant signature in a nonequilibrium collective-qubit system:A polaron-transformed Redfield approach
Xu-Min Chen(陈许敏), Chen Wang(王晨). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(5): 050502.
[7] Influence of dopant concentration on electrical quantum transport behaviors in junctionless nanowire transistors
Liu-Hong Ma(马刘红), Wei-Hua Han(韩伟华), Xiao-Song Zhao(赵晓松), Yang-Yan Guo(郭仰岩), Ya-Mei Dou(窦亚梅), Fu-Hua Yang(杨富华). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(8): 088106.
[8] Electronic transport properties of Co cluster-decorated graphene
Chao-Yi Cai(蔡超逸), Jian-Hao Chen(陈剑豪). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(6): 067304.
[9] Valley-polarized pumping current in zigzag graphene nanoribbons with different spatial symmetries
Zhizhou Yu(俞之舟), Fuming Xu(许富明). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(12): 127203.
[10] Spin-filter effect and spin-polarized optoelectronic properties in annulene-based molecular spintronic devices
Zhiyuan Ma(马志远), Ying Li(李莹), Xian-Jiang Song(宋贤江), Zhi Yang(杨致), Li-Chun Xu(徐利春), Ruiping Liu(刘瑞萍), Xuguang Liu(刘旭光), Dianyin Hu(胡殿印). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(6): 067201.
[11] Spin-valley-dependent transport and giant tunneling magnetoresistance in silicene with periodic electromagnetic modulations
Yi-Man Liu(刘一曼), Huai-Hua Shao(邵怀华), Guang-Hui Zhou(周光辉), Hong-Guang Piao(朴红光), Li-Qing Pan(潘礼庆), Min Liu(刘敏). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(12): 127303.
[12] Electronic transport properties of silicon junctionless nanowire transistors fabricated by femtosecond laser direct writing
Liu-Hong Ma(马刘红), Wei-Hua Han(韩伟华), Hao Wang(王昊), Qi-feng Lyu(吕奇峰), Wang Zhang(张望), Xiang Yang(杨香), Fu-Hua Yang(杨富华). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(6): 068103.
[13] Electron localization in ultrathin films of three-dimensional topological insulators
Jian Liao(廖剑), Gang Shi(史刚), Nan Liu(刘楠), Yongqing Li(李永庆). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(11): 117201.
[14] Phase-controlled coherent population trapping in superconducting quantum circuits
Cheng Guang-Ling, Wang Yi-Ping, Chen Ai-Xi. Chin. Phys. B, 2015, 24(4): 044204.
[15] Quantum transport characteristics in single and multiple N-channel junctionless nanowire transistors at low temperatures
Wang Hao, Han Wei-Hua, Ma Liu-Hong, Li Xiao-Ming, Yang Fu-Hua. Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(8): 088107.
No Suggested Reading articles found!