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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(4): 043201    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab7189
ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS Prev   Next  

Controlling paths of high-order harmonic generation by orthogonal two-color fields

Ze-Hui Ma(马泽慧)1,2, Cai-Ping Zhang(张彩萍)1,2, Jun-Lin Ma(马俊琳)1,2, Xiang-Yang Miao(苗向阳)1,2
1 College of Physics and Information Engineering, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Spectral Measurement and Analysis of Shanxi Province, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China
Abstract  Controlling paths of high-order harmonic generation from H2+ is theoretically investigated by numerically solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation based on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation in orthogonal two-color fields. Our simulations show that the change of harmonic emission paths is dependent on time-dependent distribution of electrons. Compared with one-dimensional linearly polarized long wavelength laser, multiple returns are suppressed and short paths are dominant in the process of harmonic emission by two-dimensional orthogonal ω/2ω laser fields. Furthermore, not only are multiple returns weaken, but also the harmonic emission varies from twice to once in an optical cycle by orthogonal ω/1.5ω laser fields. Combining the time-frequency distributions and the time-dependent electron wave packets probability density, the mechanism of controlling paths is further explained. As a result, a 68-as isolated attosecond pulse is obtained by superposing a proper range of the harmonics.
Keywords:  high-order harmonic generation      orthogonal two-color fields      attosecond pulse generation  
Received:  25 December 2019      Revised:  13 January 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  32.80.Rm (Multiphoton ionization and excitation to highly excited states)  
  42.65.Re (Ultrafast processes; optical pulse generation and pulse compression)  
  42.65.Ky (Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11974229, 11404204, and 11947002), the Scientific and Technological Innovation Program of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2019L0468), the Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 201901D211404), and the Innovation Project for Postgraduates of Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2019SY310).
Corresponding Authors:  Cai-Ping Zhang, Xiang-Yang Miao     E-mail:  cpzhang880822@163.com;sxxymiao@126.com

Cite this article: 

Ze-Hui Ma(马泽慧), Cai-Ping Zhang(张彩萍), Jun-Lin Ma(马俊琳), Xiang-Yang Miao(苗向阳) Controlling paths of high-order harmonic generation by orthogonal two-color fields 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 043201

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