Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2016, Vol. 25(5): 057801    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/25/5/057801
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Effect of size and indium-composition on linear and nonlinear optical absorption of InGaN/GaN lens-shaped quantum dot

Ahmed S Jbara1,2,3, Zulkafli Othaman1,3, M A Saeed3
1. Center for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai-81310, Johor Bahru, Malaysia;
2. Physics Department, Science College, Al-Muthanna University, Samawah, Iraq;
3. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai-81310, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Abstract  Based on the Schrödinger equation for envelope function in the effective mass approximation, linear and nonlinear optical absorption coefficients in a multi-subband lens quantum dot are investigated. The effects of quantum dot size on the interband and intraband transitions energy are also analyzed. The finite element method is used to calculate the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Strain and In-mole-fraction effects are also studied, and the results reveal that with the decrease of the In-mole fraction, the amplitudes of linear and nonlinear absorption coefficients increase. The present computed results show that the absorption coefficients of transitions between the first excited states are stronger than those of the ground states. In addition, it has been found that the quantum dot size affects the amplitudes and peak positions of linear and nonlinear absorption coefficients while the incident optical intensity strongly affects the nonlinear absorption coefficients.
Keywords:  linear and nonlinear optical absorption coefficients      lens quantum dot      finite element method  
Received:  11 October 2015      Revised:  13 January 2016      Published:  05 May 2016
PACS:  78.20.-e (Optical properties of bulk materials and thin films)  
  78.67.Hc (Quantum dots)  
  02.70.Dh (Finite-element and Galerkin methods)  
Fund: Project supported by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Iraq, Ibnu Sina Institute and Physics Department of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM RUG Vote No. 06-H14).
Corresponding Authors:  Zulkafli Othaman     E-mail:  zulothaman@gmail.com

Cite this article: 

Ahmed S Jbara, Zulkafli Othaman, M A Saeed Effect of size and indium-composition on linear and nonlinear optical absorption of InGaN/GaN lens-shaped quantum dot 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 057801

[1] Yang W X, Chen A X, Huang Z and Lee R K 2015 Opt. Express 23 13032
[2] Buhbut S, Itzhakov S, Tauber E, Shalom M, Hod I, Geiger T, Garini Y, Oron D and Zaban A 2010 ACS Nano 4 1293
[3] Curto A G, Volpe G, Taminiau T H, Kreuzer M P, Quidant R and van Hulst N F 2010 Science 329 930
[4] Mikhail I F I and Ismail I M M 2007 Phys. Status Solidi (b) 244 3647
[5] Sadeghi E 2009 Physica E 41 1319
[6] Maksym P and Chakraborty T 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 65 108
[7] Yusuf Y, Bekir Ç and Ayhan Ö 2010 Commun. Theor. Phys. 53 1185
[8] Montgomery Jr H E and Pupyshev V I 2013 Phys. Lett. A 377 2880
[9] Vatansever Z, Sakiroglu S and Sokmen İ 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 127303
[10] Datta N K, Ghosh S and Ghosh M 2012 Superlatt. Microst. 51 163
[11] Pal S, Sinha S S, Ganguly J and Ghosh M 2013 Chem. Phys. 426 54
[12] Eerdunchaolu B X F and Chao H 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 027501 (in Chinese)
[13] Zang X and Lusk M T 2015 Phys. Rev. B 92 035426
[14] Al-Douri Y, Hashim U, Khenata R, Reshak A H, Ameri M, Bouhemadou A, Rahim R A and Md A M K 2015 Sol. Energy 115 33
[15] Yakar Y, Çakir B and Özmen A 2013 Superlatt. Microst. 60 389
[16] Stojanović D and Kostić R 2013 Phys. Scripta T157 014044
[17] Boichuk V I, Bilynskyi I V, Leshko R Y and Turyanska L M 2011 Physica E 44 476
[18] Eliav E, Yakobi H and Kaldor U 2014 Comp. Theor. Chem. 1040-1041 61
[19] Solaimani M 2015 Chin. Phys. Lett. 32 117304
[20] Jungho K and Chuang S L 2006 IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 42 942
[21] Zhang L, Shi J J and Xie H J 2006 Solid State Commun. 140 549
[22] Nenad V, Zoran I, Dragan I and Paul H 2006 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 18 6249
[23] Melnik R V N and Willatzen M 2004 Nanotechnology 15 1
[24] Parvizi R 2015 Physica B 456 87
[25] Saïdi I, Sellami K, Yahyaoui M, Testelin C and Boujdaria K 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 109 033703
[26] Lee J, Chou W C, Yang C S and Jan G J 2004 Chin. J. Phys. 42 102
[27] Bouzaïene L, Ben M R, Baira M, Sfaxi L and Maaref H 2013 J. Luminum. 135 271
[28] Khaledi-Nasab A, Sabaeian M, Sahrai M, Fallahi V and Mohammad-Rezaee M 2014 Physica E 60 42
[29] Maia A B, da Silva E C F, Quivy A A, Bindilatti V, de Aquino V M and Dias I L 2013 J. Appl. Phys. 114 083708
[30] Jain S C, Willander M, Narayan J and Overstraeten R V 2000 J. Appl. Phys. 87 965
[31] Manasreh M O 2000 III-Nitride Semiconductors: Electrical, Structural and Defects Properties (Amsterdam: Elsevier) pp. 1-15
[32] Al-Khursan A H, Subhi A and Abood H I 2013 Optik 124 4072
[33] Wu J, Walukiewicz W, Yu K M, Ager J W, Haller E E, Lu H, Schaff W J, Saito Y and Nanishi Y 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 3967
[34] Davydov V Y, Klochikhin A A, Seisyan R P, Emtsev V V, Ivanov S V, Bechstedt F, Furthmüller J, Harima H, Mudryi A V, Aderhold J, Semchinova O and Graul J 2002 Phys. Status Solidi (b) 229 R1
[35] Jbara A S, Abood H I and Al-Khursan A H 2012 J. Opt. 41 214
[36] Ren Z, Chao L, Chen X, Zhao B, Wang X, Tong J, Zhang J, Zhuo X, Li D, Yi H and Li S 2013 Opt. Express 21 7118
[37] Yang J, Zhao D G, Jiang D S, Liu Z S, Chen P, Li L, Wu L L, Le L C, Li X J, He X G, Wang H, Zhu J J, Zhang S M, Zhang B S and Yang H 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 068801
[38] Çakmak H, Arslan E, Rudziński M, Demirel P, Unalan H E, Strupiński W, Turan R, Öztuŕk M and Özbay E 2014 J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. El. 25 3652
[39] Víctor J G, Paul E D S R, Praveen K, Enrique C and Richard N 2013 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52 08JH09
[40] Wang L, Yang D, Hao Z B and Luo Y 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 067303
[41] Deng Q, Wang X, Xiao H, Wang C, Yin H, Chen H, Lin D, Li J, Wang Z and Hou X 2011 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44 265103
[42] Gačvić Ž, Das A, Teubert J, Kotsar Y, Kandaswamy P K, Kehagias T, Koukoula T, Komninou P and Monroy E 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 109 103501
[43] Widmann F, Simon J, Daudin B, Feuillet G, Rouviére J L, Pelekanos N T and Fishman G 1998 Phys. Rev. B 58 R15989
[44] Takagahara T 1987 Phys. Rev. B 36 9293
[45] Ahn D and Chuang S L 1987 IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 23 2196
[46] Dalmasso S, Damilano B, Grandjean N, Massies J, Leroux M, Reverchon J L and Duboz J Y 2000 Thin Solid Films 380 195
[47] Wang Q, Wang T, Parbrook P J, Bai J and Cullis A G 2008 Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials 2007 (Netherlands: Springer) pp. 21-24
[48] Vurgaftman I and Meyer J R 2003 J. Appl. Phys. 94 3675
[49] Vurgaftman I and Meyer J R 2007 Nitride Semiconductor Devices: Principles and Simulation (Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA) pp. 13-48
[50] Xia C S, Hu W D, Wang C, Li Z F, Chen X S, Lu W, Li Z M S and Li Z Q 2006 Opt. Quant. Electron. 38 1077
[51] Reid B P L, Zhu T, Puchtler T J, Fletcher L J, Chan C C S, Oliver R A and Taylor R A 2013 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52 08JE01
[52] Frost T, Banerjee A, Kai S, Shun Lien C and Bhattacharya P 2013 IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 49 923
[53] Katz E, Mescheloff A, Visoly-Fisher I and Galagan Y 2016 Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C 144 273
[1] Plasmonic characteristics of suspended graphene-coated wedge porous silicon nanowires with Ag partition
Xu Wang(王旭), Jue Wang(王珏), Tao Ma(马涛), Heng Liu(刘恒), and Fang Wang(王芳). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(1): 014207.
[2] Stress and strain analysis of Si-based Ⅲ-V template fabricated by ion-slicing
Shuyan Zhao(赵舒燕), Yuxin Song(宋禹忻), Hao Liang(梁好), Tingting Jin(金婷婷), Jiajie Lin(林家杰), Li Yue(岳丽), Tiangui You(游天桂), Chang Wang(王长), Xin Ou(欧欣), Shumin Wang(王庶民). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(7): 077303.
[3] Multiple Fano resonances in metal-insulator-metal waveguide with umbrella resonator coupled with metal baffle for refractive index sensing
Yun-Ping Qi(祁云平), Li-Yuan Wang(王力源), Yu Zhang(张宇), Ting Zhang(张婷), Bao-He Zhang(张宝和), Xiang-Yu Deng(邓翔宇), Xiang-Xian Wang(王向贤). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(6): 067303.
[4] Extinction mechanisms of hyperbolic h-BN nanodisk
Runkun Chen(陈闰堃), Jianing Chen(陈佳宁). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 057802.
[5] Optical modulation of repaired damage site on fused silica produced by CO2 laser rapid ablation mitigation
Chao Tan(谭超), Lin-Jie Zhao(赵林杰), Ming-Jun Chen(陈明君), Jian Cheng(程健), Zhao-Yang Yin(尹朝阳), Qi Liu(刘启), Hao Yang(杨浩), Wei Liao(廖威). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 054209.
[6] A compact electro-absorption modulator based on graphene photonic crystal fiber
Guangwei Fu(付广伟), Ying Wang(王颖), Bilin Wang(王碧霖), Kaili Yang(杨凯丽), Xiaoyu Wang(王晓愚), Xinghu Fu(付兴虎), Wa Jin(金娃), Weihong Bi(毕卫红). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(3): 034209.
[7] Damage characteristics of laser plasma shock wave on rear surface of fused silica glass
Xiong Shen(沈雄), Guo-Ying Feng(冯国英), Sheng Jing(景晟), Jing-Hua Han(韩敬华), Ya-Guo Li(李亚国), Kai Liu(刘锴). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(8): 085202.
[8] Effect of graphene/ZnO hybrid transparent electrode on characteristics of GaN light-emitting diodes
Jun-Tian Tan(谭竣天), Shu-Fang Zhang(张淑芳), Ming-Can Qian(钱明灿), Hai-Jun Luo(罗海军), Fang Wu(吴芳), Xing-Ming Long(龙兴明), Liang Fang(方亮), Da-Peng Wei(魏大鹏), Bao-Shan Hu(胡宝山). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(11): 114401.
[9] Effect of ballistic electrons on ultrafast thermomechanical responses of a thin metal film
Qi-lin Xiong(熊启林), Xin Tian(田昕). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(9): 096501.
[10] Propagations of Rayleigh and Love waves in ZnO films/glass substrates analyzed by three-dimensional finite element method
Yan Wang(王艳), Ying-Cai Xie(谢英才), Shu-Yi Zhang(张淑仪), Xiao-Dong Lan(兰晓东). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(8): 087703.
[11] Microwave absorption properties of Ag naowires/carbon black composites
Hai-Long Huang(黄海龙), Hui Xia(夏辉), Zhi-Bo Guo(郭智博), Yu Chen(陈羽), Hong-Jian Li(李宏建). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(2): 025207.
[12] Plasmonically induced reflection in metal-insulator-metal waveguides with two silver baffles coupled square ring resonator
Zhi-Dong Zhang(张志东), Lian-Jun Ma(马连俊), Fei Gao(高飞), Yan-Jun Zhang(张彦军), Jun Tang(唐军), Hui-Liang Cao(曹慧亮), Bin-Zhen Zhang(张斌珍), Ji-Cheng Wang(王继成), Shu-Bin Yan(闫树斌), Chen-Yang Xue(薛晨阳). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(12): 124212.
[13] Characteristics and mechanism analysis of Fano resonances in Π-shaped gold nano-trimer
Han-Hua Zhong(钟汉华), Jian-Hong Zhou(周见红), Chen-Jie Gu(顾辰杰), Mian Wang(王勉), Yun-Tuan Fang(方云团), Tian Xu(许田), Jun Zhou(周骏). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(12): 127301.
[14] Simulation on effect of metal/graphene hybrid transparent electrode on characteristics of GaN light emitting diodes
Ming-Can Qian(钱明灿), Shu-Fang Zhang(张淑芳), Hai-Jun Luo(罗海军), Xing-Ming Long(龙兴明), Fang Wu(吴芳), Liang Fang(方亮), Da-Peng Wei(魏大鹏), Fan-Ming Meng(孟凡明), Bao-Shan Hu(胡宝山). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(10): 104402.
[15] Effects of catalyst height on diamond crystal morphology under high pressure and high temperature
Ya-Dong Li(李亚东), Xiao-Peng Jia(贾晓鹏), Bing-Min Yan(颜丙敏), Ning Chen(陈宁), Chao Fang(房超), Yong Li(李勇), Hong-An Ma(马红安). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(4): 048103.
No Suggested Reading articles found!