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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(10): 106102    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/10/106102

Influences of surface and flexoelectric polarization on the effective anchoring energy in nematic liquid crystal

Guan Rong-Huaa, Ye Wen-Jiangb, Xing Hong-Yub
a School of Sciences, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China;
b School of Sciences, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300401, China
Abstract  The physical effects on surface and flexoelectric polarization in a weak anchoring nematic liquid crystal cell are investigated systematically. We derive the analytic expressions of two effective anchoring energies for lower and upper substrates respectively as well as their effective anchoring strengths and corresponding tilt angles of effective easy direction. All of these quantities are relevant to the magnitudes of both two polarizations and the applied voltage U. Based on these expressions, the variations of effective anchoring strength and the tilt angle with the applied voltage are calculated for the fixed values of two polarizations. For an original weak anchoring hybrid aligned nematic cell, it may be equivalent to a planar cell for a small value of U and has a threshold voltage. The variation of reduced threshold voltage with reduced surface polarization strength is also calculated. The role of surface polarization is important without the adsorptive ions considered.
Keywords:  surface and flexoelectric polarization      effective anchoring energy      easy direction      hybrid aligned nematic      threshold voltage  
Received:  28 March 2015      Revised:  25 May 2015      Published:  05 October 2015
PACS:  61.30.Gd (Orientational order of liquid crystals; electric and magnetic field effects on order)  
  42.79.Kr (Display devices, liquid-crystal devices)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11274088, 11374087, and11304074), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant No. A2014202123), the Research Project of Hebei Provincial Education Department, China (Grant No. QN2014130), and the Key Subject Construction Project of Hebei Provincial University, China.
Corresponding Authors:  Guan Rong-Hua, Ye Wen-Jiang     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Guan Rong-Hua, Ye Wen-Jiang, Xing Hong-Yu Influences of surface and flexoelectric polarization on the effective anchoring energy in nematic liquid crystal 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 106102

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