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Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(5): 054401    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/aca9c1

Thermal rectification induced by Wenzel-Cassie wetting state transition on nano-structured solid-liquid interfaces

Haiyang Li(李海洋), Jun Wang(王军), and Guodong Xia(夏国栋)
MOE Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, Beijing Key Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
Abstract  Thermal rectification refers to the phenomenon by which the magnitude of the heat flux in one direction is much larger than that in the opposite direction. In this study, we propose to implement the thermal rectification phenomenon in an asymmetric solid-liquid-solid sandwiched system with a nano-structured interface. By using the non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, the thermal transport through the solid-liquid-solid system is examined, and the thermal rectification phenomenon can be observed. It is revealed that the thermal rectification effect can be attributed to the significant difference in the interfacial thermal resistance between Cassie and Wenzel states when reversing the temperature bias. In addition, effects of the liquid density, solid-liquid bonding strength and nanostructure size on the thermal rectification are examined. The findings may provide a new way for designs of certain thermal devices.
Keywords:  thermal rectification      wetting transition      interfacial thermal resistance      solid-liquid interfaces  
Received:  01 October 2022      Revised:  17 November 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  08 December 2022
PACS:  44.90.+c (Other topics in heat transfer)  
  61.30.Hn (Surface phenomena: alignment, anchoring, anchoring transitions, surface-induced layering, surface-induced ordering, wetting, prewetting transitions, and wetting transitions)  
  68.08.-p (Liquid-solid interfaces)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51976002), and the Beijing Nova Program of Science and Technology (Grant No. Z191100001119033).
Corresponding Authors:  Jun Wang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Haiyang Li(李海洋), Jun Wang(王军), and Guodong Xia(夏国栋) Thermal rectification induced by Wenzel-Cassie wetting state transition on nano-structured solid-liquid interfaces 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 054401

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