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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(9): 090704    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac80b2
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Real-time programmable coding metasurface antenna for multibeam switching and scanning

Jia-Yu Yu(余佳宇), Qiu-Rong Zheng(郑秋容), Bin Zhang(张斌), Jie He(贺杰), Xiang-Ming Hu(胡湘明), and Jie Liu(刘杰)
Information and Navigation College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710077, China
Abstract  Novel electromagnetic wave modulation by programmable dynamic metasurface promotes the device design freedom, while multibeam antennas have sparked tremendous interest in wireless communications. A programmable coding antenna based on active metasurface elements (AMSEs) is proposed in this study, allowing scanning and state switching of multiple beams in real time. To obtain the planar array phase distribution in quick response, the aperture field superposition and discretization procedures are investigated. Without the need for a massive algorithm or elaborate design, this electronically controlled antenna with integrated radiation and phase-shift functions can flexibly manipulate the scattering state of multiple beams under field-programmable gate array (FPGA) control. Simulation and experimental results show that the multiple directional beams dynamically generated in the metasurface upper half space have good radiation performance, with the main lobe directions closely matching the predesigned angles. This metasurface antenna has great potential for future applications in multitarget radar, satellite navigation, and reconfigurable intelligent metasurfaces.
Keywords:  programmable coding metasurface      multibeam modulation      real-time control      antenna  
Received:  27 April 2022      Revised:  27 April 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  13 July 2022
PACS:  07.05.Tp (Computer modeling and simulation)  
  03.65.Vf (Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological)  
  41.20.Jb (Electromagnetic wave propagation; radiowave propagation)  
Corresponding Authors:  Qiu-Rong Zheng     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Jia-Yu Yu(余佳宇), Qiu-Rong Zheng(郑秋容), Bin Zhang(张斌), Jie He(贺杰), Xiang-Ming Hu(胡湘明), and Jie Liu(刘杰) Real-time programmable coding metasurface antenna for multibeam switching and scanning 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 090704

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