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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(7): 077502    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac0786

Magnetocrystalline anisotropy and dynamic spin reorientation of half-doped Nd0.5Pr0.5FeO3 single crystal

Haotian Zhai(翟浩天)1, Tian Gao(高湉)1,2,3,†, Xu Zheng(郑旭)1, Jiali Li(李佳丽)1, Bin Chen(陈斌)2, Hongliang Dong(董洪亮)2, Zhiqiang Chen(陈志强)2, Gang Zhao(赵钢)3, Shixun Cao(曹世勋)3, Chuanbing Cai(蔡传兵)3,‡, and Vyacheslav V. Marchenkov4,5
1 Department of Physics, Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai 200090, China;
2 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research, Shanghai 201203, China;
3 Shanghai Key Laboratory of High Temperature Superconductors, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China;
4 M. N. Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ekaterinburg 620108, Russia;
5 Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620002, Russia
Abstract  The single crystals of Nd$_{0.5}$Pr$_{0.5}$FeO$_{3}$ were successfully grown by optical floating zone method. Room temperature x-ray diffraction and Laue photograph declared the homogeneity and high quality of the crystal. The significant magnetic anisotropy and multiple magnetic transitions illustrate the complex magnetic structure. At high temperatures ($T > 66 $ K), it shows the typical characteristics of $\varGamma _{4}$(G$_{x}$, A$_{y}$, F$_{z}$) state. With the decrease of the temperature, it undergoes a first-order spin reorientation transition from $\varGamma _{4}$(G$_{x}$, A$_{y}$, F$_{z}$) to $\varGamma _{2}$(F$_{x}$, C$_{y}$, G$_{z}$) state in the temperature window of 45-66 K under an applied magnetic field of 0.01 T. As the temperature drops to $\sim 17 $ K, a new magnetic interaction mechanism works, which results in a further enhancement of magnetization. The ${T}$-$H$ phase diagram of Nd$_{0.5}$Pr$_{0.5}$FeO$_{3}$ single crystal was finally constructed.
Keywords:  rare earth orthoferrite      magnetocrystalline anisotropy      magnetic ordering      magnetic hysteresis  
Received:  12 March 2021      Revised:  06 April 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  03 June 2021
PACS:  75.47.Lx (Magnetic oxides)  
  75.30.Gw (Magnetic anisotropy)  
  75.60.Ej (Magnetization curves, hysteresis, Barkhausen and related effects)  
  61.50.-f (Structure of bulk crystals)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 12074242 and 51862032), the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia (theme “Spin” No. AAAA-A-18-118020290104-2), and the Government of the Russian Federation (Grant No. 02.A03.21.0006).
Corresponding Authors:  Tian Gao, Shixun Cao     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Haotian Zhai(翟浩天), Tian Gao(高湉), Xu Zheng(郑旭), Jiali Li(李佳丽), Bin Chen(陈斌), Hongliang Dong(董洪亮), Zhiqiang Chen(陈志强), Gang Zhao(赵钢), Shixun Cao(曹世勋), Chuanbing Cai(蔡传兵), and Vyacheslav V. Marchenkov Magnetocrystalline anisotropy and dynamic spin reorientation of half-doped Nd0.5Pr0.5FeO3 single crystal 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 077502

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