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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(5): 057501    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/5/057501

Interfacial effect on the reverse of magnetization and ultrafast demagnetization in Co/Ni bilayers with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

Zi-Zhao Gong(弓子召)1,2, Wei Zhang(张伟)2,3, Wei He(何为)2, Xiang-Qun Zhang(张向群)2, Yong Liu(刘永)1, Zhao-Hua Cheng(成昭华)2,3
1 State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science & Technology and Key Laboratory for Microstructural Material Physics of Hebei Province, School of Science, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China;
2 State Key Laboratory of Magnetism and Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Abstract  For static magnetic properties of the Co/Ni bilayers, macroscopic hysteresis loops and microscopic magnetic moment distributions have been determined by the object oriented micromagnetic framework (OOMMF). It is found that when the bilayer systems are fully decoupled, the magnetizations of the two phases reverse separately. The coercivity of the bilayers decreases to a valley value sharply with increasing interfacial exchange coupling and then rises slowly to a platform. On the other hand, we have carried out an atomistic simulation for the laser-induced ultrafast demagnetization of the Co/Ni bilayer. A larger damping constant leads to a faster demagnetization as well as a larger degree of demagnetization, which is consistent with the first-principle theoretical results. For the magnetization recovery process, the damping constant has different influences on the recovery time with various peak electron temperatures, which is ignored in previous atomistic simulations as well as the Landau-Liftshit-Bloch (LLB) micromagnetic calculations. Furthermore, as the interfacial exchange coupling increases, the ultrafast demagnetization curves for Co and Ni become coincident, which is a demonstration for the transition from two-phase phenomenon to single-phase phenomenon.
Keywords:  micromagnetic simulation      interfacial effect      hysteresis loops      ultrafast demagnetization  
Received:  04 February 2018      Revised:  13 March 2018      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  75.60.Jk (Magnetization reversal mechanisms)  
  75.78.-n (Magnetization dynamics)  
  75.70.Cn (Magnetic properties of interfaces (multilayers, superlattices, heterostructures))  
  75.78.Cd (Micromagnetic simulations ?)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos.2015CB921403 and 2016YFA0300701),the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos.91622126,51427801,and 51671212),and the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province,China (Grant No.A2015203021).
Corresponding Authors:  Yong Liu, Zhao-Hua Cheng     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Zi-Zhao Gong(弓子召), Wei Zhang(张伟), Wei He(何为), Xiang-Qun Zhang(张向群), Yong Liu(刘永), Zhao-Hua Cheng(成昭华) Interfacial effect on the reverse of magnetization and ultrafast demagnetization in Co/Ni bilayers with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 057501

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