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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(12): 124203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/12/124203

High efficiency terahertz diffraction grating with trapezoidal elements

Yin-Zhong Wu(巫殷忠)1,2, Quan-Pin Fan(范全平)2, Qiang-Qiang Zhang(张强强)2, Lai Wei(魏来)1,2, Yong Chen(陈勇)2, Zu-Hua Yang(杨祖华)2, Lei-Feng Cao(曹磊峰)1,2
1. Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China;
2. Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China
Abstract  A newly designed grating used in terahertz region is proposed, which is composed of the trapezoidal elements repeated successively along one dimension of the substrate, and uniform interval (the grating period) repeated along the other dimension. The transmission of the grating owns a designable trapezoidal profile dependent on the geometric dimensions of the element. The far-field diffraction patterns of a designed grating at incident broadband terahertz frequencies, with element dimensions of upper, lower side and period of 50, 250, and 300 μm, respectively, are simulated by the scalar diffraction theory. The simulation results indicate that the terahertz grating exhibits a property of single-order diffraction, and the diffraction efficiency of the first order reaches 6.6%, exceeding that of a traditional sinusoidal amplitude grating with identical period and duty cycle. Owing to the regular architecture and the high single-order diffraction efficiency, the grating is easy to fabricate and shows great potential applications in single-shot spectral measurements of weak broadband terahertz pulse.
Keywords:  grating      terahertz      trapezoidal element      high efficiency  
Received:  19 May 2017      Revised:  01 September 2017      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.25.Fx (Diffraction and scattering)  
  07.57.Pt (Submillimeter wave, microwave and radiowave spectrometers; magnetic resonance spectrometers, auxiliary equipment, and techniques)  
  07.57.Ty (Infrared spectrometers, auxiliary equipment, and techniques)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFB05033) and the National Science Instruments Major Project of China (Grant No. 2012YQ130125).
Corresponding Authors:  Zu-Hua Yang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Yin-Zhong Wu(巫殷忠), Quan-Pin Fan(范全平), Qiang-Qiang Zhang(张强强), Lai Wei(魏来), Yong Chen(陈勇), Zu-Hua Yang(杨祖华), Lei-Feng Cao(曹磊峰) High efficiency terahertz diffraction grating with trapezoidal elements 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 124203

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