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Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(1): 014204    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac6338

Design of a coated thinly clad chalcogenide long-period fiber grating refractive index sensor based on dual-peak resonance near the phase matching turning point

Qianyu Qi(齐倩玉)1,2, Yaowei Li(李耀威)1,2, Ting Liu(刘婷)1,2, Peiqing Zhang(张培晴)1,2,3,†, Shixun Dai(戴世勋)1,2,3, and Tiefeng Xu(徐铁峰)1,4
1 Laboratory of Infrared Material and Devices, Advanced Technology Research Institute, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Detection Materials and Devices of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo 315211, China;
3 Engineering Research Center for Advanced Infrared Photoelectric Materials and Devices of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China;
4 Ningbo Institute of Oceanography, Ningbo 315832, China
Abstract  A novel method for designing chalcogenide long-period fiber grating (LPFG) sensors based on the dual-peak resonance effect of the LPFG near the phase matching turning point (PMTP) is presented. Refractive index sensing in a high-refractive-index chalcogenide fiber is achieved with a coated thinly clad film. The dual-peak resonant characteristics near the PMTP and the refractive index sensing properties of the LPFG are analyzed first by the phase-matching condition of the LPFG. The effects of film parameters and cladding radius on the sensitivity of refractive index sensing are further discussed. The sensor is optimized by selecting the appropriate film parameters and cladding radius. Simulation results show that the ambient refractive index sensitivity of a dual-peak coated thinly clad chalcogenide LPFG at the PMTP can be 2400 nm/RIU, which is significantly higher than that of non-optimized gratings. It has great application potential in the field of chemical sensing and biosensors.
Keywords:  chalcogenide longperiod fiber grating      dual-peak resonance      phase matching turning point      refractive index sensor  
Received:  13 January 2022      Revised:  13 March 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  01 April 2022
PACS:  42.68.Ay (Propagation, transmission, attenuation, and radiative transfer)  
  42.81.-i (Fiber optics)  
  42.25.Dd (Wave propagation in random media)  
  42.81.Pa (Sensors, gyros)  
Fund: Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 62075107, 61935006, 62090064, and 62090065) and K. C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University.
Corresponding Authors:  Peiqing Zhang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Qianyu Qi(齐倩玉), Yaowei Li(李耀威), Ting Liu(刘婷), Peiqing Zhang(张培晴),Shixun Dai(戴世勋), and Tiefeng Xu(徐铁峰) Design of a coated thinly clad chalcogenide long-period fiber grating refractive index sensor based on dual-peak resonance near the phase matching turning point 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 014204

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